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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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finally arrested until 1839, in July of which year the French frigate 
L'Artémise, Laplace, commander, visited there. Laplace propounded 
several demands for the adoption of measures for the protection of the 
Catholics and offered a treaty of commerce, etc., threatening in the 
event of noncompliance with the demands and nonsignature of the 
treaty by the Hawaiian authorities to proceed forthwith to hostilities. 
The American consul was notified by Laplace at the same time that the 
American Protestant clergy would be treated as a part of the native 
population when hostilities should begin, he regarding them as the in- 
stigators of the alleged insults to France. The treaty, however, was 
signed by the premier, in the King's name, and violence was averted.
Under the provisions of article VI of this treaty intoxicating liquors 
were introduced. (Appendix.)
At about the same time the British consul, Mr. Charlton, who had 
long been at odds with the native Government, left to present, en route 
to London, certain personal claims and complaints to the British naval 
force on the South Pacific station. Already his representations had 
secured the violent intervention of Lord Edward Russell, commanding 
H. B. M. S. Acteon, and that officer had "negotiated a treaty" under 
the guns of his ship, which was signed November 16, 1836. (Appen- 
Charlton did not return, but the result of his errand was the visit in 
February, 1843, of Lord George Paulet, commanding H. B. M. S. Carys- 
fort, who seized the islands in the Queen's name and forced from the 
King, Kamehameha III, a deed of cession, which was pathetically pro- 
claimed by the unfortunate monarch on the 25th of that month. The 
Government was immediately put in commission by a proclamation of 
Lord George, he and (in the King's absence) the King's deputy, Mr. 
Judd, with others, being of the commission. On the 11th of May Mr. 
Judd resigned, after a protest against some of the acts of the commis- 
sion, and thus withdrew the King from all further participation in their 
course. The remaining members of the commission continued to ad- 
minister the Government and to perform various sovereign functions. 
Among others, they raised a native regiment, which they called "The 
Queen's Own," but which they armed and equipped at the expense of 
the Hawaiian treasury, and the officers of which they, of course, re- 
quired to make oath of allegiance to the British Queen.
Commodore Kearney, U. S. Navy, on board the U. S. Frigate Con- 
stellation, arrived on the 11th of July, and promptly protested against 
the King's deed of cession, and also against the acts of the commission 
wherein the rights of American citizens had suffered in any degree. 
The King returned to Honolulu on. the 25th of July, and on the 26th 
Rear-Admiral Thomas, R. N., entered the harbor on board H. B. M. S. 
Dublin, from Valparaiso. After friendly conferences between the King 
and the admiral, an agreement was signed, the Hawaiian flag was 
restored on July 31, 1843, and Lord George Paulet's act of seizure disa- 
vowed. (Appendix.)
In this relation Mr. Fox, in a note of June 25, 1843, to Mr. Upshur, 
used the following language:
I am directed by the Earl of Aberdeen to state to yon, for the information of the 
Government of the United States, that the occupation of the Sandwich Islands was 
an act entirely unauthorized by Her Majesty's Government; and that with the least 
practicable delay due inquiry will be made into the proceedings which led to it. 
[In an ingenious (but not ingenuous) plea of defense against the claim of the 
King for compensation and reimbursement, the Earl of Aberdeen satisfied himself 
that no such claim could be entertained by Great Britain. He regarded the seizure 
by Lord George Paulet as not "forcible". - History Hawaiian Islands, Jarves.]

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