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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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accept the office and had gone to Hawaii and there become naturalized 
for the purpose. The dispute over the treaty and the Wiley case to- 
gether created a situation of affairs that resulted in a request from the 
King for the recall of Mr. Brown (whose conduct was, however, ap- 
proved by this Government) and the appointment of Mr. Ten Eyck. 
But in the meantine, on the 6th of July, 1844, the King's commis- 
sioners, having returned to this country from Europe, received a com- 
munication from Mr. Calhoun confirming the "full recognition on the 
part of the United States of the independence of the Hawaiian Govern- 
ment." They left for Honolulu in November.
On March 26, 1846, two general conventions were entered into - one 
by France, the other by Great Britain - identical in terms and equally 
to be substituted for all preexisting agreements made by those Govern- 
ments with the King. These conventions modified the jury clauses 
and Article VI of the Laplace treaty, governing the importation of intox- 
icating liquors. Juries were to be composed of native or foreign resi- 
dents proposed by the consul (English or French) and accepted by the 
Hawaiian Government, and duties were allowed within the prohibitory 
limit upon ardent spirits. These conventions do not, however, seem to 
have recognized the complete independence of the King. (Appendix.)
On the 19th of the following October a treaty with Denmark was 
concluded at Honolulu, containing the favored-nation clause; and this 
compact appears to be the first of its kind conveying unrestricted and 
ample acknowledgment of Hawaiian independence. (Appendix.)
Mr. Ten Eyck's instructions had included a charge to negotiate a 
treaty upon the basis of that existing between the Government of the 
islands and Great Britain at the time of his appointment. The unac- 
ceptability of the jury clause in that instrument and the desire of the 
Hawaiian King to secure its modification rendered it unwise to insist 
upon a similar article in any new convention. The authority of Mr. 
Ten Eyck had not been limited to the negotiation of an identical agree- 
ment, and he seems therefore to have persisted unwisely in urging the 
inclusion of the objectionable provision. This error was pointed out to 
him by Mr. Buchanan in an instruction of June 18, 1847, but seem- 
ingly without result. Much correspondence occurred between the 
King's minister and the American commissioner, and several projects 
of treaties were ineffectually submitted by the latter. Pending these 
negotiations the disadvantageous position of the United States, in the 
absence of a treaty, was emphasized by each new agreement success- 
fully negotiated by other governments. Meanwhile the commissioner 
became indiscreetly (with American claimants) involved in serious dif- 
ferences of opinion with the Government of Hawaii, respecting the 
rights of American residents, and his attitude became finally one of 
hostility. There was the repetition of the old story, told so many times 
in such quarters of the globe, personal and commercial difficulties in- 
volving consuls and diplomatic agents alike, conflicting interests among 
foreigners of two or three nationalities, rival factions, complicated 
quarrels, and, so far as practicable, general disregard of native rights 
by each and all. Mr. Ten Eyck was roundly rated by Mr. Buchanan 
in an interesting dispatch of considerable length and some tartness, 
dated August 28, 1848, from which there will be occasion to make sev- 
eral extracts. Mr. Ten Eyck resigned in September, 1848, and Mr. 
Charles Eames was appointed January 12, 1849. (Appendix.)
On the 8th of January, 1848, a treaty with Hamburg was concluded 
by the King's minister for foreign affairs, and later in the month an

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