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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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HAWAIIAN ISLANDS.	13
agreement touching consular notices under the Danish and Hamburg 
treaties was reached. But it was not until October 22, 1849, that a 
treaty with this Government was finally signed at San Francisco by Mr. 
Eames and Mr. Judd. (Appendix.)
Mr. Eames, en route to Honolulu, had met Mr. Judd, the King's com- 
missioner, en route to Washington, at San Francisco, and there to- 
gether they had agreed upon an instrument of a general character. 
The treaty, in the English and Hawaiian languages, reached the De- 
partment of State on the 8th of December. But, in the meantime, the 
Hawaiian Government had appointed Mr. James Jackson Jarves, then 
in this country, a special commissioner to negotiate a treaty, and he 
met Mr. Clayton, appointed on behalf of the United States, at Wash- 
ington in the same month. They agreed, upon terms and signed a 
treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation, and for extradition of 
criminals, December 20, 1849. Ratifications were exchanged at Hono- 
lulu the 24th of August, following, and the treaty was proclaimed - the 
first perfected treaty between the two powers - November 9, 1850.
This convention did not differ materially from the treaties negotiated 
by this Government with other nations for similar purposes. The 
treaty is still in force except so far as modified by later conventions. 
(Appendix.)
In 1849 disputes between the French consul and the native authori- 
ties respecting the convention of 1846 brought about another seizure 
of the islands by the armed forces of France, which became the occasion 
of the dispatch of very explicit instructions from the American Secre- 
tary of State. After a preliminary diplomatic skirmish between the 
French naval commander, Admiral de Tromelin, and the King's minis- 
ter for foreign affairs, Mr. Wyllie, the admiral formulated his demands 
in an ultimatum, and upon its nonacceptance the naval force under 
his command, on the 25th of August, 1849, took military possession of 
the fort, the Government offices, and of the custom-house, and seized 
the King's royal yacht and several other vessels belonging to private 
persons. Official news of this proceeding reached the United States 
December 10, 1849, from Mr. Ten Eyck. (Appendix.)
The French continued in possession of the fort and public buildings 
until the 4th or 5th of September, dismantled the fort, and destroyed 
considerable public property, but did not haul down the Hawaiian flag. 
Upon the exercise of this restraint they depended for the argument 
that they had not acted in contravention of the agreement with England 
of 1843. (Appendix.)
Mr. Judd was appointed by the King as commissioner to England, 
France, and the United States, it appears, with pretty full powers to 
make some adjustment of this last difficulty. It was rumored that he 
was not limited even from cession of the kingdom either to England or 
the United States. His negotiations with the French minister for for- 
eign affairs having proved fruitless he reached the United States on 
his way home in the spring of 1850, and in conjunction with Mr. Jarves 
solicited the good offices of this Government in the settlement of the 
dispute with France. They were promptly accorded by the President, 
through the Secretary of State, in a note of June 3, 1850, and instruc- 
tions in conformity therewith were sent to Mr. Rives at Paris. Nego- 
tiations dragged and chances of settlement seemed to recede until on. 
the 11th of March, 1851, Mr. Severance, the commissioner of the United 
States at Honolulu, reported the fact that a deed of cession of the 
kingdom to the United States had been drawn, submitted to him, sealed, 
and delivered to him on the afternoon of the same day by two of the

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