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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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HAWAIIAN  ISLANDS.	                            79
A  treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation, between the United 
States of America and His Majesty the King of the Hawaiian Islands, 
concluded at Washington, 20th December, 1849 - Ratified 4th February, 
1850 - Exchanged 24th August, 1850 - Proclaimed 9th November, 1850.
Whereas a treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation, between 
the United States of America and His Majesty the King of the Hawa- 
iian Islands, was concluded and signed at Washington on the twen- 
tieth day of December, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight 
hundred and forty-nine, the original of which treaty is, word for word, 
as follows:
The United States of America and His Majesty the King of the 
Hawaiian Islands, equally animated with the desire of maintaining the 
relations of good understanding which have hitherto so happily sub- 
sisted between their respective states, and consolidating the commer- 
cial intercourse between them, have agreed to enter into negotiations for 
the conclusion of a treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation, for 
which purpose they have appointed plenipotentiaries, that is to say: 
The President of the United States of America, John M. Clayton, Sec- 
retary of State of the United States, and His Majesty the King of the 
Hawaiian Islands, James Jackson Jarves, accredited as his special 
commissioner to the Government of the United States, who, after hav- 
ing exchanged their full powers, found in good and due form, have 
concluded and signed the following articles.
ARTICLE I.
There shall be perpetual peace and amity between the United States 
and the King of the Hawaiian Islands, his heirs and his successors.
ARTICLE II.
There shall be reciprocal liberty of commerce and navigation between 
the United States of America and the Hawaiian Islands. No duty of 
customs or other impost shall be charged upon any goods the produce 
or manufacture of one country, upon importation from such country 
into the other, other or higher than the duty or impost charged upon 
goods of the same kind the produce or manufacture of or imported 
from any other country; and the United States of America and His 
Majesty the King of the Hawaiian Islands do hereby engage that the 
subjects or citizens of any other state shall not enjoy any favor, privi- 
lege, or immunity whatever, in matters of commerce and navigation, 
which shall not also at the same time be extended to the subjects or 
citizens of the other contracting party, gratuitously, if the concession 
in favor of that other state shall have been gratuitous, and in return 
for a compensation, as nearly as possible of proportionate value and 
effect, to be adjusted by mutual agreement, if the concession shall have 
been conditional.
ARTICLE III.
All articles the produce or manufacture of either country, which can 
legally be imported into either country from the other, in ships of that 
other country, and thence coming, snail, when so imported, be subject 
to the same duties and enjoy the same privileges, whether imported in 
ships of the one country or in ships of the other; and, in like manner,

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