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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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182	HAWAIIAN  ISLANDS.          
Mr. Stevens to Mr. Blaine.
Honolulu, March 8, 1892.
SIB : In view of possible contingencies in these islands, I ask for the 
instructions of the Department of State on the following, viz:
If the Government here should be surprised and overturned by an 
orderly and peaceful revolutionary movement, largely of native Ha- 
waiians and a provisional or republican government organized and 
proclaimed, would the United States minister and naval commander 
here be justified in responding affirmatively to the call of the members of 
the removed Government to restore them to power or replace them in 
possession of the Government buildings ? Or should the United States 
minister and naval commander confine themselves exclusively to the 
preservation of American property, the protection of American citi- 
zens, and the prevention of anarchy? Should a revolutionary attempt 
of the character indicated be made, there are strong reasons to pre- 
sume that it would begin with the seizure of the police station, with 
its arms and ammunition, and this accomplished, the Royal Palace and 
the Government building, containing the cabinet offices and archives, 
would very soon be captured, the latter building being situated about 
one-third of a mile from the police station. In such contingencies 
would it be justifiable to use the United States forces here to restore 
the Government buildings to the possession of the displaced officials? 
Ordinarily in like circumstances the rule seems to be to limit the land- 
ing and movement of the United States force in foreign waters and 
dominion exclusively to the protection of the United States legation, 
and of the lives and property of American citizens. But as the rela- 
tions of the United States to Hawaii are exceptional, and in former 
years the United States officials here took somewhat exceptional action 
in circumstances of disorder, I desire to know how far the present min- 
ister and naval commander may deviate from established international 
rules and precedents in the contingencies indicated in the first part of 
this dispatch.
I have information which I deem reliable that there is an organized rev- 
olutionary party on the islands, composed largely of native Hawaiians and 
a considerable number of whites and half whites, led chiefly by individu- 
als of the latter two classes. This party is hostile to the Queen and to her 
chief confidants, especially opposed to the coming to the throne of the 
half-English heir apparent, now being educated in England, and means 
to gain its object either by forcing the Queen to select her cabinet from 
its own members, or else to overthrow the monarchy and establish a 
republic with the ultimate view of annexation to the United States of 
the whole islands. A portion of this party mean only the former, and 
the other portion intend the latter. Failing to accomplish the former, 
the most of the party would seek the latter alternative. I have little 
doubt the revolutionary attempt would have been made ere this but 
for the presence here of the United States ship-of-war. I still incline 
to the opinion that the revolutionary attempt will not be made so long 
as there is a United States force in the harbor of Honolulu, but it 
would be rash to assume or assert this positively. Therefore I deem it my 
official duty to ask for instructions in view of possible contingencies.
I may add  that the annexation sentiment is increasing, quite as 
much among the white residents and native Hawaiians, and other 
working-men who own no sugar stock, as with the sugar planters. 
I am, sir, etc.,

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