University of Hawaii at Manoa Library

Home: The Annexation Of Hawaii: A Collection Of Document
(808) 956-8264

Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

[Previous Page] -- [View PDF] -- [ View in MS Word] -- [Next Page]

the United States in the islands, but all foreign interests, and indeed 
the decent administration of civil affairs and the peace of the islands.
It is quite evident that the monarchy had become effete and the 
Queen's government so weak and inadequate as to be the prey of de- 
signing and unscrupulous persons. The restoration of Queen Liliuok- 
alani to her throne is undesirable, if not impossible, and unless actively 
supported by the United States would be accompanied by serious dis- 
aster and the disorganization of all business interests. The influence 
and interest of the United States in the islands must be increased and 
not diminished.
Only two courses are now open; one the establishment of a pro- 
tectorate by the United States, and the other, annexation full and com- 
plete. I think the latter course, which has been adopted in the treaty, 
will be highly promotive of the best interests of the Hawaiian people, 
and is the only one that will adequately secure the interests of the 
United States. These interests are not wholly selfish. It is essential 
that none of the other great powers shall secure these islands. Such 
a possession would not consist with our safety and with the peace of 
the world.	
This view of the situation is so apparent and conclusive that no pro- 
test has been heard from any government against proceedings looking 
to annexation. Every foreign representative at Honolulu promptly 
acknowledged the provisional government, and I think there is a gen- 
eral concurrence in the opinion that the deposed queen ought not to be 
restored. Prompt action upon this treaty is very desirable.
If it meets the approval of the Senate peace and good order will be . 
secured in the islands under existing laws until such time as Congress 
can provide by legislation a permanent form of government for the 
islands. This legislation should be, and I do not doubt will be, not 
only just to the natives and all other residents and citizens of the 
islands, but should be characterized by great liberality and a high 
regard to the rights of all the people and of all foreigners domiciled 
The correspondence which accompanies the treaty will put the Senate 
in possession of all the facts known to the Executive.
February 15, 1893.
The undersigned, Secretary of State, has the honor to lay before the 
President, with a view to obtaining the advice and consent of the Sen- 
ate thereto, should such a course be in the judgment of the President 
for the public interest, a treaty, signed at Washington on the 14th day 
of February, instant, by the undersigned and the accredited commis- 
sioners of the existing provisional government of the Hawaiian Islands, 
in representation of their respective Governments, for the full and ab- 
solute cession of the said islands and all their dependencies to the 
United States forever, with provision for the temporary government of 
those islands, under the sovereign authority of the United States, until 
Congress shall otherwise enact.
With this treaty the undersigned submits to the President copies of 
the correspondence recently exchanged, showing the course of events 
in the Hawaiian Islands as respects the overthrow of the late monarch-

Return to Top

Terms of Use  |  UH Mānoa  |  UH System  |  Ask Us
University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa Library  |  2550 McCarthy Mall  |  Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 USA
808-956-7214 (Reference)  |  808-956-7203 (Circulation)  |  808-956-7205 (Administration)
808-956-5968 (fax)  |