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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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HAWAIIAN   ISLANDS.	                 381
of the most of those of American parentage. But these unaided and 
alone can not well make the necessary changes in the existing condition 
of things. As a crown colony of Great Britain, or a Territory of the 
United States, the government modifications could be made readily, and 
good administration of the laws secured. Destiny and the vast future 
interests of the United States in the Pacific clearly indicate who, at no 
distant day, must be responsible for the government of these islands. 
Under a territorial government they could be as easily governed as any 
of the existing Territories of the United States.
The men qualified are here to carry on good government, provided 
they have the support of the Government of the United States. Why 
not postpone American possession?  Would it not be just as well for 
the United States to take the islands twenty-five years hence?  Facts 
and obvious probabilities will, answer both of these interrogatives. 
Hawaii has reached the parting of the ways. She must now take the 
road which leads to Asia, or the other, which outlets her in America, 
gives her an American civilization and binds her to the care of American 
destiny. The non-action of the American Government here in thirty 
years will make of Hawaii a Singapore, or a Hongkong, which could 
be governed as a British colony, but would be unfit to be an American 
Territory or an American State under our constitutional system. If the 
American flag floats here at no distant day, the Asiatic tendencies can 
be arrested and controlled without retarding the material development 
of the islands, but surely advancing their prosperity by diversifying 
and expanding the industries, building roads and bridges, opening the 
public lands to small farmers from Europe and the United States, thus 
increasing the responsible voting population, and constituting a solid 
basis for American methods of government.
Two-fifths of the people now here are Chinese and Japanese. If the 
present state of things is allowed to go on the Asiatics will soon largely 
preponderate, for the native Hawaiians are growing less at the rate 
of nearly one thousand per year. At the present prices of sugar, and 
at the prices likely to hold in the future, sugar-raising on these islands 
can be continued only by the cheapest possible labor - that of the 
Japanese, the Chinese, and the Indian coolies. Americanize the is- 
lands, assume control of the "Crown lands," dispose of them in small 
lots for actual settlers and freeholders for the raising of coffee, oranges, 
lemons, bananas, pineapples, and grapes, and the result soon will be to 
give permanent preponderance to a population and a civilization which 
will make the islands like southern California, and at no distant period 
convert them into gardens and sanitariums, as well as supply stations 
for American commerce, thus bringing everything here into harmony 
with American life and prosperity. To postpone American action 
many years is only to add to present unfavorable tendencies and to 
make future possession more difficult.
It is proper to consider the following facts: The present Sovereign 
is not expected to live many years. The princess heir apparent has 
always been, and is likely always to be, trader English influence. Her 
father is British in blood and prejudices, firmly intrenched here as col- 
lector of customs, an important and influential office. She has been 
for some years and still is in England; her patron there, who has a kind 
of guardianship of her, T. H. Davies, is a Tory Englishman, who lived 
here many years, who still owns large property in the islands, and is a 
resolute and persistent opponent of American predominance, bitterly 
denouncing even the American acquisition of Pearl Harbor. Mr. Wode- 
house, the English minister, has long resided here; his eldest son is

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