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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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384	HAWAIIAN   ISLANDS.
Secretary Marcy authorized the negotiation of the annexation treaty in 
1854. It is equally true that the desire here at this time for annexa- 
tion is much stronger than in 1889. Besides, so long as the islands re- 
tain their own independent government there remains the possibility 
that England or the Canadian Dominion might secure one of the Ha- 
waiian harbors for a coaling station. Annexation excludes all clangers 
of this kind.
Which of the two lines of policy and action shall be adopted our 
statesmen and our Government must decide. Certain it is that the 
interests of the United States and the welfare of these islands will not 
permit the continuance of the existing state and tendency of things. 
Having for so many years extended a helping hand to the islands and 
encouraged the American residents and their friends at home to the 
extent we have, we can not refrain now from aiding them with vigor- 
ous measures, without injury to ourselves and those of our "kith and 
kin" and without neglecting American opportunities that never seemed 
so obvious and pressing as they do now. I have no doubt that the 
more thoroughly the bed rock and controlling facts touching the Hawaiian 
problem are understood by our Government and by the American pub- 
lic, the more readily they will be inclined to approve the views I have 
expressed so inadequately in this communication. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant,
JOHN L. STEVENS.
Hon. JOHN W. FOSTER,
Secretary of State.
NOTE. - On the following pages will be found statistics from the 
Hawaiian census reports of 1890, touching the population, the different 
nationalities, the principal property owners, the amount of Government 
revenues and expenditures, Government property, etc., which will help 
elucidate the views I have expressed in the preceding pages.
J. L. S.
Mr. Stevens to Mr. Foster,
No. 75.]	UNITED STATES LEGATION,
Honolulu, November 28, 1892.
SIB: Your dispatch No. 62 of November 8 received. Hereafter I 
will comply as nearly as practicable with your suggestion that I sep- 
arate my reports into two classes, one of an "open historical aspect" 
and the other of a "strictly reserved and confidential character."
My dispatch 74, marked confidential, was written and copied before 
your 62 was received. The reason why I have deemed it necessary to 
consider most of my dispatches confidential is because of the peculiar 
state of things here. Anything which gets out in Washington in rela- 
tion to affairs here is sure at once to be taken up by San Francisco 
papers, some of which are highly sensational. These newspapers are 
brought here in large numbers by the mail steamer, not followed by 
another usually before two weeks. Thus a falsehood or misrepresenta- 
tion stands here unrelated for two weeks, doing mischief.
So far the new cabinet holds well and gives satisfaction to the 
responsible men of the islands. 
I am, etc.,
JOHN L. STEVENS

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