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HAWAIIAN   ISLANDS.	401
tically a cabinet of three to aid the governor to carry on the Govern- 
ment. This plan and method of Government could be maintained as a 
transition Government until experience should prove it best to change 
it to a more popular form. In the meantime the responsible voters 
would rapidly increase and American ideas and interest would gain in 
force and volume. My private consultation with the Provisional 
Government since the departure of the commissioners for Washington 
has led us to think highly of the Jefferson act of 1804 for Louisiana as 
a transition expedient for Hawaii. This would cause no shock and 
would allow affairs to move along on safe and conservative lines until 
time and experience demand something better. It would be fortunate 
to have such a man as Sanford B. Dole, the present head of the Pro- 
visional Government, the first American governor of Hawaii.
As to liquidating all political claims from the fall of the Queen and 
the Crown Princess, may I be allowed to suggest that the spirit and 
import of the Marcy treaty plan of 1854 had better be adopted, which 
authorized the expenditure of $100,000 for like purposes. I, therefore, 
suggest that if a liquidation of this kind be now under consideration 
and $150,000 should be allowed as the total sum for this purpose, $70,- 
000 should go to the fallen Queen Liliuokalani and $70,000 to the Crown 
Princess Kaiulani, and $5,000 to each of the two young princes. The 
last named - the two princes - are harmless young persons, of little 
account, not chiefs by blood, but they were made princes by the late 
King Kalakaua without any constitutional right or power to do so, the 
then boys being nephews of his wife Kapiolani. Should the entire sum 
granted for these purposes be greater or less than $150,000 I advise 
that the above specified proportions be maintained.
As to the native Hawaiians and their native leaders at this time, 
things are tending favorably towards annexation. Mr. Kauhame, for 
many years a member of the Legislature, and regarded for years the 
best native in the islands in public life, a noble to the close of the 
recent session of that body, is earnest for annexation. So is Mr. Kanihi, 
a member of the Legislature from this island. Hon. John W. Kahia, 
the ablest native lawyer in the island, years a member of former Legis- 
latures from the important island of Maui, thinks the fall of the Queen, 
and the extinction of the monarchy a boon to Hawaii, and he is for 
annexation. Robert W. Wilcox, a half-white native, who led the Hawai- 
ian revolt in 1889, which came so near being successful, is now for 
annexation. He was educated in Italy at a military school, is 37 years 
of age, his father being a citizen of Rhode Island, and, it is said, is still 
living in that State. This Wilcox has more fighting ability than any 
other native Hawaiian, and will be proud to become an American citi- 
zen and at future time to serve in the army or civil service of the 
United States.
The ablest of the native Hawaiian Christian ministers are strong in 
their American sympathies. The pastor of the large native Hawaiian 
church in this city, a native Hawaiian, is for annexation earnestly. 
The other large Hawaiian congregation and church in Honolulu has a 
favorite pastor born here of American parentage, whose quiet influence 
is in the same direction. The native newspaper of much the largest cir- 
culation in the islands advocates annexation, stands by the Provisional 
Government, and is losing none of its circulation. The main part of 
the opponents of annexation are the lower class of natives, led by 
unscrupulous foreigners, of little property, mostly of California, Aus- 
tralia, and Canada, who wish to maintain the Hawaiian monarchy and 
its corruptions for their own unworthy purposes, and who think their 
FR 94 - APP II -- 26

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