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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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Mr. Stevens to Mr. Foster.	
No. 87.]	                 UNITED STATES LEGATION,
Honolulu, February 27, 1893.
SIR : In my dispatch 84, of February 1, I gave as one of the reasons 
for our action in assuming a qualified and temporary "protectorate" 
over these islands, the possibility of the arrival here of a British war 
vessel, and stated that the English minister thus aided might try to 
press unduly the Provisional Government. On the 13th instant the 
British cruiser Garnet, an iron ship of 2,120 tons, 240 men and officers, 
Capt. H. E. Hughes-Hallet in command, arrived here. Only three or 
four days had elapsed when the manifest unfriendliness of the English 
sailors as well as of some of the officers of the Garnet was displayed. The 
men of the Garnet being allowed to go on shore in the customary way, 
they soon showed marked sympathy for the fallen Queen's cause and 
indulged in insulting remarks towards the United States marines and 
sailors of the Boston on duty ashore by the request of the Provisional 
Government and with my approval.
There came very near being a riot and severe quarrel in the public 
streets. Only the forbearance and self-possession of the officers and 
men of the Boston prevented the English sailors getting a severe beat- 
ing, with unhappy incidents. It at once became necessary for the Pro- 
visional Government to take precautionary steps as to the men from 
foreign naval vessels being on shore, providing that only those of one 
nationality should be on shore the same day. I cannot think that Capt. 
Hughes-Hallet, of the Garnet, gave countenance to this insulting and 
disorderly conduct of the men of his ship, though some of the under 
officers may have done so. Neither the captain of the Garnet nor his 
officers have made the customary call on the Provisional Government, 
and so far as possible they seem to wish to ignore it. It is generally 
supposed, and I think correctly, that the English minister here, Hon. 
J. H. Wodehouse, whose son is married to the sister of the Hawaiian 
Crown Princess, is largely responsible for this unfriendliness to the 
Provisional Government. By those best informed as to Hawaiian Gov- 
ernment affairs in the past twenty years, it is said that Mr. Wodehouse 
in his persistent resistance to American predominance here has never 
been well supported by the British cabinet in London, and it is believed 
that he will not be now.
Were it not that our flag is over the Government House there is 
little doubt that this British unfriendliness would have done much more 
mischief in stirring up the "hoodlum" elements, of which the lottery 
and opium gang of the fallen Queen's supporters have more or less con- 
trol. At a great American reception and ball here on the evening of 
the 25th instant, the largest and most imposing ever had in Honolulu, 
partly as a testimonial to Captain Wiltse, of the Boston, about to leave 
for the United States, the English, the English diplomatic and consu- 
lar officials, nor the officers of the Garnet attended, though they were 
I am, etc.,

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