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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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416	HAWAIIAN ISLANDS.
war vessel in the harbor, and telegraphed Tokio via San Francisco, two 
days after the fall of the monarchy, for another war vessel, and Febru- 
ary 23, as previously stated in my dispatch 88, one of the largest ships 
of the Japanese navy arrived here. But it was then too late for the 
intrigues and pressure of the English minister and the arrival of the 
increased Japanese naval force to intervene. It was found that the 
prompt American action had given so much moral support to the new 
Hawaiian Government that neither the Government nor the United 
States officials here would consent to any temporary dual or tripartite 
arrangement as to Hawaiian affairs.
Yesterday, the 14th, the British ship Garnet left for Vancouver, and 
today or tomorrow the Kongo, the smallest Japanese ship, will leave 
for Japan. There is no doubt that but for our protectorate, restricted 
as it is, the British minister would have insisted on the same right to 
land troops that he had formerly exercised here, while our action of 
February 1 and of the days preceding closed the door against compli- 
cations, saved the Provisional Government from foreign pressure, leav- 
ing the United States complete master of the situation. The Japanese 
commissioner and naval commanders now fully recognize the Provis- 
ional Government by official and ceremonial calls, and their attitude 
toward this legation and our naval commanders here appear to be cor- 
dial. But I have learned positively and beyond all doubt that had not 
the monarchy here fallen and this Government had remained in its for- 
mer condition of weakness, it was the intention of the newly arrived 
Japanese commissioner to have demanded the same political rights in 
Hawaii, including the voting franchise for Japanese, as, under the con- 
stitution of 1887, have been exercised by resident foreigners of Christian 
nations. I am equally convinced that with annexation to the United 
States the Japanese Government will attempt no pressure of this kind, 
that Government fully understanding that the United States is a reliable 
friend of Japan and that the Japanese subjects in these islands will be 
well protected should Hawaii come fully under the rule of the United 
States. While I say this I shall be allowed to express the opinion that 
there is occasion for keeping a sharp eye on Tokyo and British and per- 
haps other foreign intrigues there against our plans of predominance 
in the North Pacific. 
I am, etc.,
JOHN L. STEVENS.
Mr. Stevens to Mr. Gresham.
No. 93.]	UNITED STATES LEGATION,
Honolulu, March 24, 1893.
SIR: In my previous dispatches I have given some facts and sur- 
mises regarding Japanese ambitions as to these islands. I presume 
the Department of State has knowledge of the elaborate article of Sir 
Edward Arnold in the London Telegraph of February 24, strongly 
anti-American and favoring the surrender of Hawaii to Japanese pre- 
dominance and protection. By residence in Japan, as well as by some 
previously acquired taste of Calcutta and Hindostan life, Arnold 
seems to accept readily Japanese morals and civilization, warmly flat- 
ters the easily susceptible vanity of the Japanese, the real Frenchmen 
of Asia. My only reason for referring to Sir Edward Arnold and his 
copyrighted London article is because of certain Japanese indications 
in this neighborhood.

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