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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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                             HAWAIIAN  ISLANDS.	571
ART. 62. Every male subject of the Kingdom, who shall have paid his taxes, who 
shall have attained the age of twenty yearn, and shall have been domiciled in the 
Kingdom for one year immediately preceding the election, and shall be possessed of 
real property in this Kingdom to the value over and above all incumbrances of one 
hundred and fifty dollars *-or of a leasehold property on which the rent is twenty-
five dollars per year - or of an income of not less than seventy-five dollars per year, 
derived from any property or some lawful employment and shall know how to read and 
write, if born since the year 1840 and shall have caused his name to be entered on the 
list of voters of his district as may be provided by law, shall be entitled to one vote for 
the representative or representatives of that district; provided, however, that no insane 
or idiotic person, nor any person who shall have been convicted of any infamous crime 
within this Kingdom, unless he shall have been pardoned by the King, and by the 
terms of such, pardon have been restored to all the rights of a subject, shall be allowed 
to vote.
ART. 80. Any amendment or amendments to this constitution may be proposed in the 
legislative assembly, and if the same shall be agreed to by a majority of the members 
thereof, such proposed amendment or amendments shall be entered on its journal, with 
the yeas and nays taken thereon, and referred to the next legislature; which proposed 
amendment or amendments shall be published for three months previous to the next 
election of representatives; and if in the next legislature such proposed amendment or 
amendments shall be agreed to by two-thirds of all the members of the legislative 
assembly, and be approved by the King, such amendment or amendments shall 
become part of the constitution of this country.
On the 18th of February, 1874, David Kalakaua was proclaimed 
King. In 1875 a treaty of commercial reciprocity between the United 
States and the Hawaiian Islands was ratified, and the laws necessary to 
carry it into operation were enacted in 1876. It provided, as you are 
aware, for the free importation into the United States of several 
articles, amongst which was muscavado, brown, and all other unrefined 
sugars, sirups of sugar cane, melada, and molasses, produced in the Ha-
waiian Islands.
From it there came to the islands an intoxicating increase of wealth, a 
new labor system, an Asiatic population, an alienation between the 
native and white races, an impoverishment of the former, an enrich-
ment of the latter, and the many so-called revolutions, which are the 
foundation for the opinion that stable government can not be main-
(The deaths in all these revolutions were seven. There were also 
seven wounded.)
The sugar export in 1870 was 26,072,429 pounds; in 1887 it was 
212,763,647. The total value of all domestic exports was in 1876, 
$1,994.833.55, and in 1887, $9,435,204. The bounty paid on sugar by the 
United States to the sugar planters in the remission of customs on sugar 
before the McKinley bill was passed, is estimated by competent persons 
as reaching $5,000,000 annually.
The government and crown lands were bought and leased and oper-
ated by whites of American, English, and German origin, and the 
sugar industry went into the hands of corporations.
From 1852 to 1876 there had been imported 2,625 Chinese, 148 Jap-
anese, and 7 South Sea Islanders, making a total of 2,780. From 1876 to 
1887 there were imported 23,268 Chinese, 2,777 Japanese, 10,216 
Portuguese, 615 Norwegians, 1,052 Germans, 1,998 South Sea Islanders, 
making a total for this one decade of 39,926 immigrants. The 
Government expended from 1876 to 1887 $1,026,212.30 in aid of the 
importation of labor for the planters, who for the same period expended 
$565,547.74. It negotiated with various governments treaties under 
which labor was imported for a term of years to work at a very low 
figure, and under which the laborer was to be compelled by fines
* The property qualification was removed by an amendment.

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