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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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                             HAWAIIAN   ISLANDS.	603
The males increased from 1884 to 1890, 7,175; the females increased from 1884 to 1890, 2,237.
During this period there appears to have been the following gains and losses by nationalities:
Gains: Half-castes 1,968; Hawaiian-born foreigners (mostly Portuguese), 5,455; British, 62; 
Japanese, 12,244.
Losses: Natives, 5,578; Americans, 138; Germans, 566; French, 122; Portuguese, 775; 
Norwegians, 135; Chinese, 2,638; Polynesians, 368.
The net gain is 9,412. Had it not been for the large importation of Japanese for plantation 
laborers there would have been a net loss of 2 832.
There was a net loss of Europeans and Americans combined numbering 899.
While the population is increasing in numbers the per cent of females is largely decreasing.
In 1866 the percentage of females was 45.25; in 1872 it was 44.37; in 1878, 41.19; in 1884, 36.04; 
in 1890, 34.75.
This condition has been reached by the importation of contract labor by the Hawaiian 
Government for the sugar plantations.
In 1890 there was in the island of Oahu a population of 31,194. Of this number 1,239 were 
Americans.
There was in the island of Hawaii a population of 26,754. Of this number 289 were Americans.
In the islands of Molokai and Lanai there was a population of 2,826. Of this number 23 were 
Americans.
In the island of Maui there was a population of 17,357. Of this number 211 were Americans.
In the islands of Kauai and Niihau there was a population of 11,859. Of this number 112 were 
Americans.
The total population was 89,990. Of this number 1,928 were Americans.
It appears that in 1890, the period of the last census, in a population of 89,990 persons 51,610 
were unable to read and write. The natives and half-castes, numbering 40,622, had 27,901 able to 
read and write.
The Chinese, with a population of 15,301 persons, had 13,277 unable to read and write.
The Japanese, with a population of 12,360, had 12,053 persons unable to read and write.
The Portuguese, with a population of 8,602, had 6,276 unable to read and write.
The minister of finance informs me that the taxes paid by Americans and Europeans amount to 
$274,516.74; those by natives, $71.386.82; half-castes, $26,868.68; Chinese, $87,266.10; Japanese, 
$67,326.07; other nationalities, $729.82.
He also informs me that the acreage on which taxes are paid by various nationalities is:
Europeans and Americans, 1,052,492 acres; natives, 257,457 acres; half-castes, 531,545 acres; 
Chinese, 12,324 acres; Japanese, 200 acres; other nationalities, none.
The surveyor-general reports the Crown lands for 1893 as containing 915,288 acres. Of these he 
reports 94,116 acres available for lease. Of this latter number only 47*,000 acres are reported to be 
good arable land. He likewise reports the Government land as containing 828,370 acres. He reports 
these estimated in 1890 to be worth $2,128,850. The annual income from them is $67,636. Of this 
income, $19,50Q is from wharfage and $7,800 from rent of land with buildings thereon.

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