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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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                             604	HAWAIIAN   ISLANDS.
The cane and arable land is estimated at 35,150 acres. It is important here to recall his statement made to the 
legislature in 1891, in the following language:
Most Government lands at the present time consist of mere remnants left here and there, and of the worthless and unsalable 
portions remaining after the rest had been sold.
And in the same communication he declares that between the years 1850 and 1860 nearly all the desirable 
Government land was sold, generally to natives.
In 1890 the census report discloses that only 4,695 persons owned real estate in these islands. With a 
population estimated at this time at 95,000, the vast number of landless people here is discouraging to the 
idea of immigrants from the United States being able to find encouragement in the "matter of obtaining 
homes in these islands.
The landless condition of the native population grows out of the original distribution and not from 
shiftlessness. To them homesteads should be offered rather than to strangers.
The census reports of the Hawaiian Islands pretend to give the native population from the period when 
Capt. Cook was here until 1890. These show a rapid diminution in numbers, which, it is claimed, indicate 
the final extinction of the race. Very many of these reports are entirely conjectural and others are 
carelessly prepared. That of 1884 is believed by many intelligent persons here to overstate the native strength 
and, of course, to discredit any comparison with that of 1890.
All deductions from such comparisons are discredited by an omission to consider loss from emigration. 
Jarvis, in his history of the Hawaiian Islands, published in 1847, says:
Great numbers of healthy Hawaiian youth have left in whale ships and other vessels and never returned.
The number annually afloat is computed at 3,000. At one time 400 were counted at Tahiti, 500 in Oregon, 
50 at Paita, Peru, besides unknown numbers in Europe and the United States.
In 1850 a law was passed to prohibit natives from leaving the islands. The reason for it is stated in the 
following preamble:
Whereas, by the census of the islands taken in 1849, the population decreased at the rate of 8 per cent in 1848, and by the 
census taken in 1850 the population decreased at the rate of 5j-per cent in 1849; whereas the want of labor is severely felt by 
planters and other agriculturists, whereby the price of provisions and other produce has been unprecedentedly enhanced, to the 
great prejudice of the islands; whereas, many natives have emigrated to California and there died, in great misery; and, whereas, 
it is desirable to prevent such loss to the nation and such owretchedness to individuals, etc.
This act remained in force until 1887. How effective it was when it existed there is no means of 
ascertaining. How much emigration of the native race has taken place since its repeal does not appear to 
have been inquired into by the Hawaiian Government. Assuming that there has been none and that the 
census tables are correct, except that of 1884, the best opinion is that the decrease in the native population is 
slight now and constantly less. Its final extinction, except by amalgamation with Americans, Europeans, 
and Asiatics, may be dispensed with in all future calculations.
My opinion, derived from official data and the judgment of intelligent persons, is that it is not decreasing 
now and will soon increase.
The foregoing pages are respectfully submitted as the connected report indicated in your instructions. It 
is based upon the statements

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