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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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                             612	HAWAIIAN  ISLANDS.
Wyllie was ordered to make these threats known to the representatives of the three great maritime 
powers. Mr. Gregg had already written to Mr. Wyllie to assure hi ii that the forces of the United States 
were ready to cooperate "in repressing any unlawful attempts of reckless adventurers, claiming to be 
American citizens, against the peace and dignity of His Majesty's Government." Mr. Wyllie immediately 
applied to the representatives of France, Great Britain, and the United States, and was promised the aid of 
200 men from the United States ships Portsmouth and St. Mary's, of 100 men from Her Brittanic Majesty's 
ship Trincomalee, and of 500 men from the French frigate Artemise.
He further improved the opportunity to declare that " negotiations should he suspended until they 
could be honorably resumed after every trace of coercion had been removed." (See his letter of November 
26, to Judge Lee.) On the 13th of December he issued a proclamation in the King's name, declaring that His 
Majesty had accepted the assistance of the three powers named above, and that his "independence was 
more firmly established than ever before." This called out from Mr. Gregg a dispatch denying that the United 
States had any intention of entering into any tripartite protectorate of the King's Government, or that his 
and Capt. Dornin's offers should be taken as equivalent to a permanent guaranty of its independence.
The expected filibusters never appeared. The Crown Prince Alexander Liholiho arrived at last from 
Hawaii December 1, and it is stated on good authority that he agreed to sign the treaty and that a day 
was set for the ceremony.
The King is said by Mrs. Judd to have been "more eager than ever" to complete the business, when he 
was suddenly taken ill, and expired in five or six days, on the 15th of December, 1854, in the forty-second 
year of his age. His untimely death was undoubtedly hastened by excessive intemperance towards the last. 
Aside from this unfortunate failing he had many noble traits.
As Mr. Severance truly said, "his partiality to Americans has always been strong, and it will be 
universally conceded that by his death they have lost a faithful and honorable friend."
His adopted son and heir, Alexander Liholiho, was immediately proclaimed King, under the title of 
Kamehameha IV. Soon afterwards he expressed his wish that the negotiations that had been begun with 
Mr. Gregg should be broken off which was done.
As Mr. Marcy afterwards stated, in his letter to Mr. Gregg of January 31, 1855, the President would never 
have approved of a treaty admitting the islands into the Union as a State, to say nothing of other 
objections of minor importance. In fact, the whole movement, as we now look back upon it, seems to 
have been premature and unnecessary. But, as I have elsewhere said of Kamehameha III, "his purpose, 
though it happily fell through, yet insured to his successor a more secure possession of their inheritance."
W. D. ALEXANDEB.
HONOLULU, July 18,1893.
APPENDIX.  
PROTECTORATE PROCLAMATION.
HONOLULU, March 10,1851.
We, Kamehameha III, by the grace of God, of the Hawaiian Islands King:
By and with the advice and consent of our Kuhina Nui and council of native chiefs, finding our relations 
with France so oppressive to our Kingdom, so inconsistent with its rights as an independent state, and so 
obstructive of all our endeavors to administer the government of our islands with equal justice to all nations 
and equal independence of all foreign control, and despairing of equity and justice from France:
Hereby proclaim as our royal will and pleasure that all our islands, and all our rights as a sovereign over 
them, are from the date hereof placed under the protection and safeguard of the United States of America 
until some arrangements can be made to place our said relations with France upon a footing compatible 
with our rights as an independent sovereign under the law of nations and compatible with our treaty 
engagements with other foreign nations; or, if such arrangements should be found impracticable, then it is 
our wish and pleasure that the protection aforesaid under the United States of America be perpetual.
And we further proclaim as aforesaid, that from the date of the publication hereof the flag of the United 
States of America shall be hoisted above the national ensign on all our forts and places and vessels 
navigating with Hawaiian registers.
(Signed by the King and Kuhina Nui.)
MARCH 10,1851.

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