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                             HAWAIIAN  ISLANDS.	615
E. Joint resolution. 

Be it resolved by the Nobles and Representatives of the Hawaiian Islands in legislative council assembled, That in the 
sense of this House the demands of France are so clearly unjust and contrary to the laws of nations and to treaty, 
and the course pursued by her so incompatible with the existence of a regular independent government in these 
islands, if France should persist in such a course it will be the duty of the King to shield himself and his 
Kingdom from insult and oppression by placing this Kingdom under the protection of some friendly state; and 
that should such emergency be so urgent as not to admit of the legislative council being convened, it shall be left 
to His Majesty by and with the advice of his privy council, under such emergency, to consult the honor and 
safety of his Kingdom according to his Majesty's best judgment; and that whatever he may do will be binding 
upon the nation. Passed both houses of the Legislature June 21, 1851.
W. L. LEE, 
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
President of the House of Nobles. , 
Approved by the King August 4, 1851.
Order of the King to Mr. Wyllie, February 6,1854.                             
Whereas it has come to our knowledge through the communications made to us by divers discreet men, who we 
have reason to believe are true friends to the Hawaiian nation, and through various other sources, that plans are on 
foot inimical to the peace of our Kingdom and the welfare of our people, and such as if carried out would be wholly 
subversive of our sovereignty, and would reduce us to the most deplorable of all states, a state of anarchy; and
Whereas exigencies may arise of such a nature as to render it imperative upon us for the security of the just 
rights of our chiefs and people that we should seek the alliance of the United States of America:
We do hereby command you, our minister of foreign relations, to take such immediate steps as may be necessary 
and proper, by negotiation or otherwise, to ascertain the views of the United States in relation to the annexation 
thereto of these islands, and also the terms and conditions upon which the same can be effected, with the object of 
being fully prepared to meet any sudden danger that may arise threatening the existence or independence of our 
Kingdom. (Signed)
Liholiho consents to the above royal command.
Approved by Wm. L. Lee.
Extract from instructions of February 2I, 1854,
You will immediately enter upon a negotiation ad referendum with the Commissioners of the United States, the 
object of which is the annexation of our Kingdom to the United States of America., in case of necessity, and which 
shall fully secure our rights and the rights of our chiefs and people, being assured by the protocol No. 2, submitted 
to us, of the willingness of the Commissioner of the United States to enter upon such negotiation. The constitution 
of our Kingdom has made our ministers special advisers in the executive affairs of the Kingdom, and therefore you 
will submit to their consideration every proposal and every proposition that may be interchanged between you and 
the Commissioner of the United States, and your conduct will be governed by their decision.
Prince Liholiho will join in the deliberations of the cabinet council, vote therein, and make his views 
known to us. When the treaty ad referendum, as aforesaid, is

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