University of Hawaii at Manoa Library

Home: The Annexation Of Hawaii: A Collection Of Document



hawnpac@hawaii.edu
(808) 956-8264

Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

[ Previous Page ] -- [ View PDF ] -- [ View in MS Word ] -- [ Next Page ]

                             HAWAIIAN  ISLANDS.						621
Protocol No. 9.
The undersigned met at the house of the Commissioner of the United States on the 18th of August, 1854, at 9 a. m. Mr. 
Gregg read a memorandum on Mr. Wyllie's agenda, which he had submitted to Mr. Wyllie yesterday afternoon, as follows viz:
"Mr. Gregg has carefully considered the agenda submitted to him by Mr. Wyllie this day as expressing the views of the 
Hawaiian cabinet and of the Crown Prince upon the drafts of a treaty of annexation under consideration. From conversations 
with Mr. Wyllie and other members of the cabinet he fully understands and appreciates the object proposed to be accomplished 
by the addition of the following words, viz: "But the King of the Hawaiian Islands reserves to himself the power to ratify it in 
any moment of danger." There are grave and serious objections, as he believes, not only to the article as originally drawn up, 
but to the vagueness and indefiniteness of the additional clause. In regard to the former he has already taken occasion to 
indicate to Mr. Wyllie his views.
He is convinced that the President and Senate of the United States would regard it as so objectionable that any treaty 
containing it would be rejected on that account, and he can not, therefore, assent to it. He suggests that the object pointed at in 
the clause proposed to be added could be better reached by the protocols of the negotiation, or by a separate and perhaps secret 
article, and he submits to Mr. Wyllie a proposition to that effect, and also a modification of said article No. II, as follows, viz:
"The Kingdom of the Hawaiian Islands shall be incorporated into the American Union as soon as, in the judgment of 
Congress, it can be done in consistency with the principles and requirements of the Federal Constitution, with all the rights, 
privileges, and sovereignty of a State, the same as, and on terms of perfect equality with, the other States of the United States." 
To this part of Mr. Gregg's memorandum Mr. Wyllie replied that no disrespect or distrust whatever was intended to apply to 
the United States in the words which the colleagues and the Crown Prince had agreed should be added to the second article of 
his draft of the treaty. The intention was to provide instantly and effectually for the sudden danger contemplated in the 
preamble. He admitted that that great object could be as well or better effected by a separate and secret article; but he added 
that his instructions having been precise as to the addition of these ipsissims verba, he could not take upon himself to make any 
change without a further reference to his colleagues and to the Crown Prince. Mr. Gregg then continued his memorandum as 
follows, viz:
Mr. Gregg has no hesitation in assenting to the substitution in Article VIII of the words " and all others whom the King may 
wish to compensate or reward," in place of the words " and other persons now in the service of the Hawaiian Government, or 
formerly in such service." In order to approach more nearly to the views of Mr. Wyllie, the cabinet, and the Crown Prince he 
(Mr. Gregg) is willing to modify the latter part of said article so as to make it read as follows:
As a further consideration for the session herein made, and in order to place within the reach of the inhabitants of the 
Hawaiian Islands the means of education, present and future, so as to enable them the more perfectly to enjoy and discharge the 
rights and duties consequent upon a change from monarchial to republican institutions, the United States agree to set apart and 
pay over the sum of $75,000 per annum, one-third of which shall be applied to constitute the principal of a fund for the benefit 
of a college or university, or colleges and universities, as the case may be, and the balance for the support of common schools 
to be invested, secured, or applied as may be determined by the legislative authority of the Hawaiian Islands, when admitted 
into the Union as aforesaid."
Mr. Gregg thinks the term of five years ample to secure an adequate provision for schools, especially in connection with the 
appropriation of lands to a similar object. But few states are as well provided for in this respect. He can not recognize the 
propriety of limiting the proceeds of this college or university fund to a single institution, but he is willing to leave their 
appropriation open to legislative discretion. So far as other questions were concerned, Mr. Wyllie was in possession of his 
views already, and he did not deem it necessary to enter upon their discussion at present. Aug, 17, 1854.
The undersigned then adjourned to meet again when Mr. Wyllie had consulted his colleagues and the Crown Prince in regard 
to the foregoing views of Mr. Gregg.
Protocol No. 10.
The undersigned resumed their meeting at the house of the commissioner of the United States on the 18th of August 1854, at 
4 p. m. Mr. Wyllie stated that, having conferred with his colleagues on the subject of Mr. Gregg's observations in Protocol No. 
9, he had to make known their views as follows, viz:

Return to Top

Terms of Use  |  UH Mānoa  |  UH System  |  Ask Us
University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa Library  |  2550 McCarthy Mall  |  Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 USA
808-956-7214 (Reference)  |  808-956-7203 (Circulation)  |  808-956-7205 (Administration)
808-956-5968 (fax)  |  library@hawaii.edu