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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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sent by the Provisional Government to inform the Queen that she had been deposed, that her ministers and marshal had been 
dismissed, and that the Provisional Government had been recognized formally by Mr. J. L. Stevens, the II. S. Minister. As a 
friend and also as a privy councillor, he urged her to surrender peaceably, and expressed the opinion that it would perhaps be 
well to surrender under protest to the United States. Mr. J. O. Carter then expressed his views at some length. He saw no other 
course for the Queen to pursue after the recognition of the new government by Mr. Stevens and the landing of the United States 
In his opinion, any resistance under the circumstances would be equivalent to a declaration of war against the United States. 
He advised making the protest and leaving the matter in the hands of the United States. After a short consultation, in which all 
present took part and all concurred in the remarks of Mr. Carter the Queen agreed to surrender under a protest, and the 
necessary document was drawn up by Messrs. Neumann and Carter. Mr. Carter and I thereupon proceeded to the Government 
building, where we presented the protest to Mr. Dole, who indorsed it as having been received, noting the date and time it was 
received. We then requested the attorney-general to go to the Station House and inform the marshal, who was there, of what 
had taken place at the Palace, and to notify him to surrender the forces under his command. We were informed shortly after 
that Marshal Wilson refused to act upon such instructions, demanding a written order from the Queen and Cabinet before he 
would surrender. He reiterated that he was fully prepared to cope with the situation, and was ready to fight the insurgents and 
the forces of the United States, then ashore, and would do so, unless he should first receive such written order for his surrender.
The whole cabinet then proceeded to the station house and in the presence of Mr. Neumann and others handed the written 
orders to the marshal and explained the situation to him. He thereupon dismissed his forces with a short address. The large 
crowd of Hawaiians gathered outside of the station house were dispersed quietly, after a short address in Hawaiian by one of 
the police captains, by order of the marshal, after which we left the station house, but up to the time of leaving no officer of the 
Provisional Government had taken charge.
Subscribed and sworn to this 27th day of June, A. D. 1893, before me, 
Notary Public, First Judicial Circuit.
No 4. Affidavits of John A. Cummins and W. T. Reward,
HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, Island of Oahu, City of Honolulu, ss:
On this 19th day of June, A. D. 1893, personally appeared before me John A. Cummins and Major W. T. Seward, who being 
by me duly sworn, deposed and said, that on Saturday, the 14th day of January, A. D. 1893, the city of Honolulu was perfectly 
quiet, there being nothing unusual and no signs of disturbance; that on Monday, the 16th day of

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