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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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              768	HAWAIIAN   ISLANDS.
matic and consular agents duly recognized and accepted by the several governments to whom they were accredited 
by the Hawaiian foreign office.
The Hawaiian Kingdom held an honorable position in the family of nations as an independent government. The 
courts of justice throughout the Kingdom were disposing of the business brought before them owithout menace, let, 
or hindrance. Business of all kinds was being carried on as usual without interruption. The banks, newspaper 
offices, and commercial houses were attending to business in their several lines without unusual incident. Perfect 
quiet and good order existed throughout the city, there being not even a suggestion of disorder or danger to the life 
or property of either citizen or alien. A band concert was given at the Hawaiian Hotel at 8 o'clock in the evening, 
which was largely attended by men, women, and children of all classes, as it was fine weather and near full moon.
At 2:40 o'clock p. m. on the following day, January 17, 1893-nearly twenty-four hours after the American 
troops landed - thirteen white men, several of them lately arrived in the country and not entitled to vote, appeared in 
front of the Government building, and the leader proceeded to read a proclamation deposing the Queen and 
establishing a provisional government. The only audience to this function was composed of a few loungers in the 
corridors of the building. Near the close of the reading some twenty-seven armed men ran in from the back and side 
entrances of the premises and gathered around the thirteen men above mentioned, apparently as supporters of the 
movement. This supporting force was composed of vagrants and ex-convicts who were at that moment under police 
surveillance, deserters from merchant ships in port, and the like, only two or three being known as residents of the 
town. Before the arrival of the thirteen men in front of the Government building the American troops quartered near 
by (as already described) were under arms; the crews of the Gatlings were handy by their respective places; 
everything seeming to indicate complete readiness for any emergency.
At the time when the proclamation was being read the Hawaiian Government had 87 regular troops at the 
barracks, well drilled, officered, and equipped, having a battery of breech-loading field guns and a large supply of 
extra arms and ammunition for all arms. There was also a very efficient police force, drilled as a military company, 
and a large supply of arms, equipments, and ammunition, including a Gatling gun, with boiler-plate shield, at the 
station house in Honolulu.
The commander at the barracks and the marshal were ready and anxious to proceed immediately to take the 
Government building and arrest the parties in possession. But the presence of the American, troops, and certain 
rumors with regard to the attitude of the American minister, caused the Hawaiian cabinet to confer with that official 
before taking action. They learned from him in writing that he recognized the Provisional Government and would 
support it with the United States troops.
As any action on the part of the Hawaiian troops or police meant a collision with the United States troops, the 
cabinet decided to surrender to the United States and await a settlement of the case on a presentation of the facts to 
the authorities in Washington. The surrender was made about sundown, at which time there had assembled at the 
barracks over a hundred and fifty members of the old volunteer companies disbanded in 1887 by the Reform 
cabinet, and between one hundred and fifty and two hundred citizens, accustomed to the use of arias, many of

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