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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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              HAWAIIAN   ISLANDS.				777

and sorcery, except a system of vigorously extirpating those two allied agencies in which they generate and 
are nourished, the hulas and the kahunas. Both are purely heathen institutions of the most pronounced and 
detestable type, and are totally incompatible with any true and wholesome civilization. They should both be 
hunted down and exterminated like the venomous reptiles that they are, poisoning and. slaying the people. 
Until this is done with determined thoroughness I see little prospect of arresting the decrease of the Hawaiian 
The Hawaiian race is one that is well worth saving. With all their sad frailties, they are a noble race of men 
physically and morally. They are manly, courageous, enterprising, cordial, generous, unselfish. They are 
highly receptive of good. They love to look forward and upward, even though very facile to temptations to 
slide backward and downward. In an unusual degree they possess a capacity for fine and ardent enthusiasm 
for noble ends. Should the Hawaiian people leave no posterity, a very sweet, generous, interesting race will 
have been lost to the world. They o can be saved. They have deserved too well of mankind - they have been 
too kindly, too friendly, too trustful and magnanimous not to merit the most devoted efforts to avert their 
threatening fate and to set them forward in a hopeful course. It seems as if this might most easily be 
accomplished if there were only a wise 'and resolute purpose to do it.


[A brief sketch of the revolution of 1893.    Illustrated.   Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.   Published by the 
Hawaiian Gazette Company, 1893.]


The course of Hawaii's political development has in general been peaceful. Under the reign of Kamehameha 
III the fundamental changes in social organization, in the private rights of individuals, in the tenure of land, 
and in the constitution of government were effected without disturbuncc or bloodshed. The reign of the 
third Kamehameha witnessed the beginning and the completion of the great series of changes which 
transformed Hawaii from a feudal and savage despotism into a free and civilized state. Without the cordial 
cooperation of an enlightened monarch these reforms could not have been, as they were, speedily and 
peacefully effected.
With the failure of the Kamehameha line, a change came over the spirit of the monarchy, and the new 
dynasty refused to walk in the footsteps of the old. The sound sense which had tempered the despotic spirit 
of Kamehameha V was wanting to Kalakaua, and his reign brought with it a long series of extravagances 
and abuses which finally exhausted the patience of the people. The uprising of 1887 resulted in the 
promulgation of a new and more liberal constitution, but the patience and moderation of the people gave to 
royalty one last chance, and left the monarchy standing.
Five years of bitter experience under the new regime have proved that the revolution of 1887 had one fatal 
fault. It did not go far enough. The constitution which it secured was indeed liberal, its guarantees of 
political and private right appeared sufficient, it seemed to introduce a system of government, for and by the 
people, responsible to the people. Had the throne been tilled by a ruler like Kamehameha III, the expectations 
founded upon the new instrument would not have been disappointed and Hawaii might perhaps have 
continued for a generation to enjoy the substantial blessings of prosperity and freedom under a monarchical 
form of government. The constitution was, however, so drawn that a willful and stiff-necked sovereign 
might easily obstruct its workings. Immemorial usage had neither defined its intent nor fixed its meaning 
beyond the reach of quibbling subterfuge and cavil. White men were found to misinterpret its provisions, 
and pervert its plain meanings in the interest absolutism. The closing years of Kalakaua were occupied with 
a stubborn resistance by the King to his cabinet, and while the opening days of Liliuokalani gave birth to 
fairer hopes, it was soon obvious that the Queen had all the despotic instincts of her brother, with far more 
than his tenacity of will. She was determined to govern by herself without consulting the will of the people, 
and had no idea of accepting the role of the constitutional head of a free state.
Such is a brief sketch of the events which serve as a prologue to the revolutionary drama which was soon to 
be enacted. This can not be fully understood, however, without an account of the events, or rather, of the 
secret intrigues, which led to the downfall of the Wilcox cabinet.

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