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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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               1190			HAWAIIAN   ISLANDS.

concerns the relation of the Government of the United States towards the de facto Government of the Hawaiian 
The President deemed it his duty to withdraw from the Senate the treaty of annexation which has been signed by the 
Secretary of State and the agents of the Provisional Government, and to dispatch a trusted representative to Hawaii 
to impartially investigate the causes of the so-called revolution and ascertain and report the true situation in those 
Islands. This information was needed the better to enable the President to discharge a delicate and important public 
The instructions given to Mr. Blount, of which you are furnished with a copy, point out a line of conduct to be 
observed by him in his official and personal relations on the Islands, by which you will be guided so far as they are 
applicable and not inconsistent with what is herein contained.
It remains to acquaint you with the President's conclusions upon the facts embodied in Mr. Blount's reports and to 
direct your course in accordance therewith.
The Provisional Government was not established by the Hawaiian people, or with their consent or acquiescence, nor 
has it since existed with their consent. The Queen refused to surrender her powers to the Provisional Government 
until convinced that the minister of the United States had recognized it as the de facto authority and would support 
and defend it with the military force of the United States, and that resistance would precipitate a bloody conflict with 
that force. She was advised and assured by her ministers and by leaders of the movement for the overthrow of her 
Government that if she surrendered under protest her case would afterwards be fairly considered by the President of 
the United States. The Queen finally wisely yielded to the armed forces of the United States then quartered in 
Honolulu, relying upon the good faith and honor of the President, when informed of what had occurred, to undo the 
action of the minister and reinstate her and the authority which she claimed as the constitutional sovereign of the 
Hawaiian islands.
After a patient examination of Mr. Blount's report the President is satisfied that the movement against the Queen, if 
not instigated, was encouraged and supported by the representative of this Government at Honolulu; that he 
promised in advance to aid her enemies in an effort to overthrow the Hawaiian Government and set up by force a 
new government in the place, and that he kept this promise by causing a detachment of troops to be landed from the 
Boston on the 16th of January, and by recognizing the Provisional Government the next day when it was too feeble 
to defend itself, and the Constitutional Government was able to successfully maintain its authority against any 
threatening force other than that of the United States already landed.
The President has, therefore, determined that he will not send back to the Senate for its action thereon the treaty 
which he withdrew from that body for further consideration on the 9th day of March last
On your arrival at Honolulu you will take advantage of an early opportunity to inform the Queen of this 
determination, making known to her the President's sincere regret that the reprehensible conduct of the American 
minister and the unauthorized presence on land of a military force of the United States obliged her to surrender her 
sovereignty for the time being and rely on the justice of this Government to undo the flagrant wrong.
You will, however, at the same time inform the Queen that when reinstated the President expects that she will 
pursue a magnanimous

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