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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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               1202			HAWAIIAN   ISLANDS.

Three thousand people grilled in the sun watching the parade.
The report of Judge Hartwell's and W. G. Smith's speeches in this issue is a verbatim one.
An old resident states that he has never seen as large a crowd in Honolulu, except, possibly, at the funeral of 
Kamehameha III.
One of the policemen on duty last night at Palace Square states that he had never seen such an orderly and well-
behaved crowd.
The column was so long that when the head of the battalion reached the corner of Fort street and Beretania one 
company was still on Richard street.
A number of fireworks in the executive grounds were "homemade."
The green and red lights that so beautifully lit up the grounds made a scene not soon to be forgotten by those 
fortunate enough to see it.
The Portuguese procession was a great success.
C. S. Bradford deserved great credit for his arrangement of the speakers and press stand.
Notwithstanding the fact that orders were received by the officers of the men of war in port not to call officially at 
the president's reception, a number of them did so, though in plain clothes.
The fireworks that were being fired from the roof of the executive building accidentally caught fire and went up in 
one big blaze. It was hard on the boys, but it was a beautiful sight while it lasted.
The flag pole of No. 1engine company was gaily decorated with lanterns last evening.
In front of the engine house No. 2 an evergreen banner was stretched across the street containing the word 
"Annexation." In the evening the flag pole and house were illuminated with lanterns.

[The Pacific Commercial Advertiser,  Thursday, January 18, 1894.]

The celebration of the 17th of January was the most enthusiastic and successful festival ever held in this city. The 
programme of the day went off without a jar. The Government and the Annexation party stand more strongly 
intrenched and more united in feeling now that they have turned to review the events and mark the progress of this 
stirring year.


A great deal of indignation is felt at the discourtesy, to use no stronger word, shown by the diplomatic corps towards 
the Provisional Government yesterday. This indignation is directed towards the U. S. minister plenipotentiary and 
envoy extraordinary, Willis, who as the head of the diplomatic body, is of course responsible for the course taken, 
the other members merely following his lead.
We fuel no sympathy for this indignation, which appears to us quite unfounded. At the same time it is so natural that 
it should be felt, and expressed too, that we take the liberty of suggesting some considerations in explanation of the 
apparently extraordinary course of the American minister.
In a nutshell, the truth is that Mr. Willis found himself in a dilemma. The entire sovereignty and independence of the 
Hawaiian Government having been fully recognized by the United States, the American war ships should have fired 
a salute. On the other band, the United States having demanded the surrender of the Government, a salute should not 
have been fired. As a free and independent nation, we should have been saluted, but as a private dependency of Mr. 
Cleveland, we should not. As we are at peace with the United States, the minister should have bowed and smiled at 
the Executive building, but as we are at war, he should have barred his front gate, rolled himself up in the American 
flag, and gazed around with an air of gloomy and forbidding defiance. Who shall "rede" this riddle; who shall 
resolve these contradictions? Whatever course Mr. Willis had pursued, he might have cited chapter and verse for it. 
Whatever he had done he would have been right. Is this Government at peace with the United States or not? Does 
the United States recognize its sovereignty or not? Who shall say? Does Mr. Willis himself know?
We think that the foregoing facts should teach us to be patient and forbearing in our relations with the United States 
minister, and to withhold our judgments. Whichever way he turns he finds himself confronted with the bristling 
horns of a dilemma. Everywhere bloody prospects of impalement, and no way of escape. If he has not found a way 
out of' the difficulty consistent with the usages of diplomacy, the ordinary requirements of courtesy, the dignity and 
power of the great nation which he represents, the fault is not his, but his master's.
The whole situation is an extraordinary commentary upon the foreign policy which has brought things to such a 
pass. Mr. Cleveland disowning the acts of his prede-

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