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Blount Report: Affairs in Hawaii

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               1206	HAWAIIAN  ISLANDS.


The evening demonstration, abandoned by the general arrangement committee, was taken up by the enthusiastic  
Portuguese contingent and most successfully carried out. These patriotic citizens came down from the slopes of 
Punchbowl about 300 strong, just in time for the speechmaking. Their own band led the procession and played 
unusually well. The marchers bore torches and transparencies. The sentiment first shown was "Progresso, uniao, 
liberedado." Other inscriptions were: " Lily, make room for your anti," "Liberty or death," "America is our goal," 
"No monarchy in ours," "Liberty and union," "P. G, and Portuguese," "We're the 400." At the end of the column was 
a fireworks wagon, which left a trail of explosives and colored lights.


The attendance at the mass meeting was variously estimated at from 7,000 to 10,000. It included throngs of natives, 
and the seats reserved for ladies were all occupied. Enthusiasm was unbounded, the speakers being constantly 
interrupted by cheering and marks of approval. The proceedings were enlivened by the discharge of fireworks at 
intervals, and music from the band. A spontaneous outburst was given of three cheers for President Dole.
Hon. J. B. Atherton was chairman. In a brief address he spoke of the meeting of November 28 to protest against the 
action of Mr. Cleveland. The opinions they expressed are fixed. The year just ended had been one of trial. The 
Provisional Government administered and sustained by the most trustworthy men of Hawaii has stood firm and it is 
now, with strength, means, and backing, on a solid footing. It will live and prosper until admitted into the great 
American Union.
Collector-General J. B. Castle said: There was but little to be added to what had already been uttered. What was to 
be said should be heard in no uncertain tones. It should be such expression as would reverberate through the ages of 
the Hawaiian future and live as a legacy to our children. A year ago there was struck a blow which drove the last 
nail into the coffin of monarchy. Those associated in the Government had been steadfast and faithful. They believed 
their hopes would witness fruition before the year 1897. "All roads lead to Rome," was an ancient and significant 
saying. Our watchword is "All roads lead to Washington." We believe Hawaii will come into the Union. We have 
here a Government that is sound and strong, and in which the people have confidence. He was certain it was 
satisfactory, and it, or its immediate successors, were good enough for those who desired annexation.
There have been objections to the celebration of this day. Comments tinged with disapproval have emanated in some 
instances from our own ranks. The day was a most memorable one and the speaker would be in favor of making it a 
holiday for all time. Those who thought otherwise were either imbued-with lack of confidence or even cowardice. It 
was a day worthy of celebration for many reasons. For one thing, it commemorated the unsuccessful seizure of the 
islands nearly one hundred years ago by the English, who were forced to restore them by the action of Napoleon. 
The 17th was the birthday anniversary of Kamehameha III, the King who desired the annexation of the islands to the 
United States.
Said Judge "Hartwell: "Wherever is found a community enjoying possession of higher sentiments, there is civil 
liberty. The day of kings is past but the rule of law is never ending." Judge Hartwell entered upon a legal analysis of 
the Hawaiian Government. " Until the advent of Kalakaua there had been no actual constitutional government. For 
the first time, then, a monarch was sworn to enforce and observe a constitution; for the first time absolute kingly 
authority was abolished. In Liliuokalani the country found a sovereign who disregarded and ignored the constitution. 
What did the English do when their King John rebelled? They forced him at Runnymede to obligate himself by 
signing Magna Charta. On the 17th of January, 1893, the monarch of this country abrogated constitutional 
government by violating and defying the constitution. From that instant Hawaiian constitutional government ceased 
to exist. The proceeding that followed was a conservative and legitimate one. Citizens took upon themselves the 
functions of government. The ultimate end sought is annexation to the United States. The Government is protecting 
citizens and property and quietly and fairly conducting the affairs of state. We have a stable government. That is the 
only Government, and it will continue to be the recognized, honored, and efficient power on the islands.
President of Punahou College, Prof. F. A. Hosmer, said that Prince Bismarck, at a banquet, offered a toast to the 
fatherland Great Britain and the Republic of the West. The French and Portuguese governments further afford fine 
examples of republican forms of government. Out here on an island on the mid-Pacific, people with the incentive of 
patriotism have been brave enough to resist absolution. Prof. Alexander's history is authority for the notorious fact 
that Hawaii has not for twenty years had a stable government. We have it now and we will have annexation.

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