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               1212	HAWAIIAN  ISLANDS.

I do not claim or intimate that the personnel of the commanding officer of the United States forces is of any concern 
to this Government, nor suggest that the interpretation placed thereon by the American press is correct, nor that your 
Government in responsible for such interpretation. This incident is mentioned simply as a part of the res gestae of 
the case which this Government had before it, and as one of the many things which it was obliged to consider in 
drawing its inferences as to what the intentions of your Government were.
(0) Upon the 8th of November last the New York Herald published a statement from its Washington correspondent 
from which I make the following extracts:
"A diplomatic bombshell will burst within the next few days and the report will be heard throughout the entire 
"The bomb will be thrown by an accredited representative of the United States Government, and he will hurl it 
against the badly conceived and worse managed Provisional Government of the Hawaiian Islands.
"If Minister Willis and Rear-Admiral Irwin arrived in Honolulu on schedule there would be even livelier times in the 
capital city of the Hawaiian Islands to-day than there is in the metropolis of the United States. * * * Briefly stated, 
the present administration will do all in its power to restore the condition of affairs which existed in Hawaii at the 
time Minister Stevens * * * brought about the overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani, * * *
"The same force, that of the United States Government, which made the Provisional Government possible has 
sustained them in power to this day. They could not have made the revolution of which they were the head center a 
success but for the support given them by the administration in Washington, and there is every reason to believe * * 
* that the Provisional Government would have gone down long ago but for this same support. * * *
"The fact that a new minister has been sent to Honolulu to succeed Minister Stevens and that Rear-Admiral Irwin 
has been sent to relieve Commander Skerrett has been accepted in many instances as an inkling of the 
administration's policy towards Hawaii. * * *
"This means that the Queen will be restored to her throne and the Provisional Government, representing only a small 
part of the people of Hawaii, will soon be a thing of the past."
I do not intimate that the U. S. Government is responsible for the utterances of the Herald, but cite the above as one 
of several instances in which information of intended acts on the part of your Government, vital to this Government, 
has been denied to this Government and first made known to it through the public press.
(10) On November 11 the papers of the United States published a letter from the Secretary of State to the President, 
dated October 18, 1893.
No previous notice had been given to this Government of the contents of such latter or of the intention to make it 
In that letter the Secretary, referring to the initiation of this Government, says:
" They relied on no military force of their own, for they had none worthy of the name. The Provisional Government 
was established by the action of the American minister and the presence of the troops lauded from the Boston, and 
its continued existence is due to the belief of the Hawaiians that if they made an effort to overthrow it they would 
encounter the armed forces of the United States.
"The earnest appeals to the American minister for military protection by the officers of the Provisional Government 
after it had been recognized show the utter absurdity of the claim that it was established by a successful revolution 
of the people of the islands.
"These appeals were a confession by the men who made them of their weakness and timidity. Courageous men, 
conscious of their strength and the justice of their cause, do not act thus. * * *
" Should not the great wrong done to a feeble but independent State by an abuse of the authority of the United States 
be undone by restoring the legitimate Government? Anything short of that will not, I respectfully submit, satisfy the 
demands of justice. * * * Our Government was the first to recognize the independence of the islands, and it should 
be the last to acquire sovereignty over them by force and fraud."
You have intimated in your communication dated December 2 that the foregoing letter, "being a domestic affair, the 
transaction is not the subject of diplomatic representation," which statement you have reiterated in your 
communication of January 1.
I must submit, however, that an official communication from the chief of the Department of State to the President, in 
which he charges this Government and its officers with conspiracy, weakness, timidity, and fraud, and recommends 
its subversion, which letter is officially furnished to and published by the public press without any information 
concerning the same being afforded to this Government, is not a " domestic transaction," and is preeminently a 
proper subject for inquiry on

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