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               1232	                                                                                HAWAIIAN  ISLANDS.

IS  IT  SECRET  OK NOT?
Last night's Star devotes a column of its valuable space to what is apparently an attempt to prove that the American 
League is not a secret organization. At the same time it argues that secrecy is all right, because there was a secret 
league here in 1887.
This double defense reminds one of the Irishman who exonerated himself from a charge of breaking his neighbor's 
wheelbarrow as follows: 1. I never borrowed your wheelbarrow. 2, It was broken when I borrowed it. 3. It was 
whole when I returned it.
If it is true that the American League is not a secret organization then all objections to it on this score fall to the 
ground. But if it is not secret, let it publish the list of its members and admit reporters to its deliberations.
The comparison instituted by the Star between the American League and the League of 1887 is a rather unlucky one. 
The League of 1887 was secret because its aims were revolutionary. Those of the American League, on the other 
hand, are peaceful and lawful. The first league was organized to overthrow the Government; the second to support it. 
Secrecy was as appropriate in the one case as openness would be in the other.

WHAT IS THE PLEDGE?

The Advertiser is informed that before D. B. Smith became the American League's candidate, he was required to 
take a "cast-iron" pledge of some kind, and that one reason the other candidates withdrew was because they declined 
to bind themselves in any such manner. We will not venture any remarks as to the precise character of this pledge, 
since, in spite of correction from a very high quarter, we are still of opinion that the proceedings of the American 
League are secret. We can not, therefore, pretend to know exactly what this oath may have been.
What was the pledge? That public will want to know. They have a right to know. The councils too, may be desirous 
of satisfying a natural curiosity on this question before they proceed to hold their election. The "representative 
principle," that is, the principle that secret leagues shall be represented, is perhaps not yet so firmly established as to 
exclude the lawful Government of the country from asserting their right to a voice in its affairs.
What is the pledge?

[Inclosure in No. 36.-From the Star, February 14, 1894.   Report of meeting.)

D. B. SMITH THE WINNER.-LEAGUE CHOICE RATIFIED BY THE MASS MEET1NG.-GREAT 
GATHERING AT THE DRILL SHED.-VOTED FOR AN ENLARGED COUNCIL.-SPEECHES MADE.--
D. B. SMITH FIRST, THE REST NOWHERE.

That is the result, so far as the electors are concerned, of the contest for the seat in the advisory council that is to 
become vacant, owing to the promotion of Mr. F. M. Hatch to the foreign portfolio. The voice of the people was 
heard again in the historic drill shed last night. The people went on record in the regulation American manner. They 
resented the attempt at clique domination, and in clear tones declared for rule by the masses.
The Annexationists were out early for the expected fray. The programme was for a nominating convention as 
preliminary to an election projected to be held during the week. By the action of the mass meeting of the Annexation 
Club the necessity for an election is removed entirely. There was only one nominee. The name of F. W. McChesney 
was proposed, but a very large majority voted down the motion to place him in nomination.
There was a most enthusiastic endorsement by the meeting of the proposal to enlarge the advisory council by 
electing 10 more members.
A little conservative combination attempted to control the meeting, but were simply "snowed under." Members of 
the American League who were also members of the Annexation Club, took an active part in the proceedings, 
working like beavers for their candidate, Mr. D. B. Smith, and for the larger council.
President Hatch was in the chair and Secretary Jones kept account of the proceedings. It was about 7:45 when the 
meeting was rapped to order. The call was read. The remark that nominations were in order was not entirely out of 
the President's mouth when W. H. Hoogs, who was but a couple of feet from the desk, shouted.: " I nominate F. W. 
McChesney." T. B. Murray then offered resolutions indorsing the American League candidate. Mr. Hatch stated the 
motion before the meeting as: " Shall Mr. McChesney be placed in nomination? " It was voted that Mr. McChes-

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