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Hawaii Organic Act: Congressional debates on Hawaii Organic Act

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of our expenses under the policy of imperialism pursued by President 
McKinley of more than $800,000,000 per annum since the Spanish 
war, including the appropriations for 1901:
The appropriations for 1897 were................................. $469,409,010.41 For fiscal 
year ended June 30, 1898, they were .....................    485,002,044.72
A total for the two years of...................................    954,496,055.13 This was an 
average each year of .............................    477,248,027.56
Now take appropriations for fiscal year 1889. .........................    898,231,615.55 
Now take appropriations for fiscal year 1900........................    674,981,022.29 
Take the estimates and appropriations for 1901....................    767,850,540.94
The total for the three years is ........................... 2,338,063,178.78
Or an average each year of ....................................    778,687,726.26 The average 
per year before the Spanish War was. .................    477,248,027.56
Or - As Mr. RICHARDSON remarks -
an increase in three years over what the appropriations would have been, but for 
the changes from a republic to an empire, of over $800,000,000.
Objection is made, Mr. Chairman, by those who favor the Ad-
ministration policy to the use of the words "empire" and "impe-
rialism."   They cloak imperialism behind the catch phrase "ex-
pansion."   I am not an anti-expansionist, but I am opposed to 
imperialism.   And when the Republican party repudiates the 
doctrine, as it has done in Porto Rico, that where the flag goes the 
Constitution goes as well and embarks upon a colonial policy, that is 
imperialism pure and simple, to which I am opposed.
To summarize, Mr. Chairman, the permanent retention of the 
Philippines means a total departure from the past theory and 
practice of our Republic for the sake of trade with these islands, 
China, and Asiatic countries, the advantages of which have been 
greatly exaggerated. It means the subjugation and forcible 
annexation of our former allies. It means not a legitimate, 
homogeneous expansion, but, according to the McEnery resolution, 
the English colonial system or a similar system. It means that the 
spirit of gain and commercial greed, the lust for gold, is to override 
and obscure the advice and warnings of the founders of the 
Republic under the plea of manifest destiny. It means foreign 
alliances and foreign entanglements, from which heretofore we 
have happily been free. It means a practical abandonment of the 
spirit, if not the letter, of the Monroe doctrine, which heretofore has 
preserved the peace and happiness, in a large measure, of the 
Western Hemisphere. If we meddle - if we interfere in the affairs 
of Europe and of Asia, what right have we - how can we assert 
that doctrine if they meddle with the affairs of the Western 
Continent? The permanent retention of the Philippines means also a 
large standing army and a navy quadruple at least its present size, 
the growth of militarism, and a constantly increasing expense for 
maintaining our fleets and armies and our position in the Philippine 
Archipelago. It means the beginning of a career of acquisition and 
conquest upon which other republics have entered with the same 
belief in their superiority and their integrity, only to find that the 
end was disaster and the destruction of a republican form of 
government. Mr. Chairman, the President asks, Who will haul down 
the flag? I reply, none but the same people who alone have the fight 
to unfold that flag over our new possessions - the free people of this 
great Republic. But the people - the representatives of the people in 
the Congress of the United States - may and should haul it down if 
ever it becomes the emblem of conquest or oppression. I trust it may 
never float over conquered provinces. I trust it may never be hailed 
by any people in any part of our country, except in the spirit of 
love and reverence and loyalty, and float over them always by their 
free consent. By pursuing a policy like this, by observing the 
admonitions of the founders of the Republic, by maintaining the 
integrity and spirit of our institutions, by preserving a compact 
territory and homogeneous people and government on this continent, 
free from foreign complications and possessions on the Asiatic 
coast, we will keep that flag, as the emblem of liberty and of a 
happy and free Republic, in all its pristine purity, representing the 
principles for which our fathers struggled and toiled in 1770, and 
which we should and must transmit unimpaired to our children.  
[Applause.] Mr. KNOX.   Mr. Chairman, I yield to the gentleman 
from Wyoming [Mr. MONDELL] such time as he may desire. Mr. 
MONDELL.   Mr. Chairman , I congratulate the Committee on 
Territories on the result of its patriotic, earnest, and painstak-

ing efforts in connection with the bill which it now presents for the 
consideration of the House "for the government of the Territory of 
Hawaii."   I congratulate the people of the new Territory on the 
prospect of the early passage of this bill, which will give them the 
long hoped for and much needed legislation as an American 
Territory. I congratulate our common country on the provisions of this 
bill as an earnest and a promise of the wise and patriotic manner in 
which Congress may be depended upon to deal with the questions of 
government in our new possessions, as evidenced by this legislation 
for our first insular territory. Fortunately for us, some of the 
important questions which must necessarily be met and 
courageously decided with reference to other insular possessions do 
not present themselves in the consideration of this legislation to a 
degree that demand any considerable departure from our Territorial 
legislation in the past.  This fair daughter of the Republic came into 
the family circle, the legitimate offspring and growth of Christian, 
American influences, containing an educated citizenship, most of 
whom have had some experience in the exercise of the elective 
franchise. American missionaries three-quarters of a century ago 
landed on the islands at an opportune moment when, by some 
mysterious movement in the law of racial evolution, the natives 
were in the process of discarding their ancient superstitions, carried 
to them the merciful dispensation of the gospel to succeed the cruel, 
barbarous reign of the Tabu. The native Hawaiian did not escape the 
effect of that seemingly inexorable law of fate which attends the first 
contact of barbarous peoples with civilization.   The missonaries 
were not the only white men who visited their beautiful shores, and 
while they brought the.beat features of civilization, the whaler and the 
adventurer brought the worst, and, unfortunately, the better 
influences were not powerful enough to overcome those evil 
influences and contaminations which led to the constant decrease in 
the numbers of the splendid race which Captain Cook found upon 
these islands. But the better influences, while not the most powerful at 
all times, have been the most insistently applied, with the result 
that the remnant of the native Hawaiian race has made notable 
progress in all the arts of civilization, is almost universally possessed 
of a fair education, and still retains the many splendid qualities which 
have ever characterized them. It is to the credit of the early 
missionary influences that next to the unswerving loyalty and 
devotion to his hereditary chieftain, which has always characterized 
him, the Hawaiian has continuously displayed a sincere regard for 
and attachment to the Government and the people of the United 
States, while in the breasts of those of our countrymen who made 
these summer isles their homes there has ever burned the ardent fires 
of patriotic devotion to their native land, which have been 
transmitted to their children  born and reared there, with scarcely 
diminished fervor, coupled with an attachment to the isles of their 
nativity, whose warmth can only be appreciated by those whose 
good fortune it is to have been brought for a brief space of time 
within the magic witchery of these gems of the Pacific. Surrounded 
from the time of their arrival in the islands by such American 
influences and sentiments, it was but natural that all other 
immigrants to Hawaii, the dark-skinned Portuguese from the 
Azores as well as those from Europe, should catch some, at least, 
of that spirit which constantly drew the hopes of the islanders to the 
great Republic and which, in my opinion, was always a stronger bond 
of unity between native and foreign born than ever was the 
government which was evolved from the old feudal system and 
which passed by regular and generally orderly changes through 
successive stages of despotic, limited, and constitutional monarchy, 
and finally emerged by bloodless and inevitable evolution into the 
republic. To the men in the island of American birth and American 
parentage, and not only to them, but to many others, who, through 
their influences, had learned to value our institutions and look to us 
for defense and development, the final raising of the Stars and 
Stripes, never more to be lowered, on August 12, 1898, above the 
palace of the Kamehameha's, was the consummation of a long, 
earnest, and unselfish effort to be brought within the protection of 
the banner of the free, an earnestly longed-for "coming home." The 
committee in its bill provides for manhood suffrage, with an 
educational qualification, which will place the ballot in the hands 
of a great majority of male citizens, but exclude Asiatics from that 
privilege.   This is a change in the original bill, which contained a 
property qualification for the voters for Senators; and in my 
opinion the change is a wise one.   It is wise, first, that it puts all 
electors on an equality; and. second, because in my opinion there 
is no condition existent in Hawaii warranting such a departure from 
our former Territorial legislation as is contained in a proviso for a 
property qualification of electors. It is true that some patriotic and 
intelligent men, both here and in the islands, consider a small 
property qualification necessary

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