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Hawaii Organic Act: Congressional debates on Hawaii Organic Act

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3813
the character of the cultivation, the nationality of the labor em-
ployed, and the rate of wages paid, whether daily, weekly, or 
semimonthly. In this way we can amass here information which 
would serve a fruitful purpose hereafter, in legislation relating to 
these islands.
Mr. GROSVENOR. Does this amendment propose to limit the 
amount of land which can be held by an individual?
Mr. NEWLANDS. This amendment does not, because it is an 
amendment to a section which relates to the organization of cor 
porations, and if it included individuals it might be subject to a 
point of order. It provides that no corporation shall own exceed 
ing 1,000 acres of land.
As I have stated already, my purpose is to furnish the basis for 
comprehensive action on this subject by the committee of confer-
ence. I do not think that here, in the short time afforded us for the 
consideration of this bill, we can map but and shape a measure that 
will meet every requirement.
In my remarks in reference to religious and church organiza-
tions. I pointed out the fact that the island of Puerto Rico is an 
island a hundred miles long and 40 miles wide, with a population 
of 900,000 people, the most thickly populated area in any civilized 
country. Now, shall we legislate with reference to these islands in 
such a way as to promote small holdings by people who have an 
interest in the soil, or shall we by inaction let these countries drift 
into conditions of land monoply, which will only result as such 
systems have always resulted in conditions of unrest and 
disturbance leading to revolution? As I stated before, almost every 
war of any great extent, almost every revolution, has had its 
foundation in a revolt against the monopoly of land, whether that 
monopoly was held by the feudal barons or whether it was held by 
the nobility or by the church. Numerous revolts all over this 
continent and all over the European continent have taken place 
against the large holdings of the religious organizations, and it 
seems to me that it is wisdom now to put in this bill at the starting 
point comprehensive legislation upon this subject.

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