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Hawaii Organic Act: Congressional debates on Hawaii Organic Act

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Mr. HITT.   It is the third export Of the island.
Mr. FINLEY.   I think it is the second industry in the island.
Mr. KNOX. Yes; I think it is the second. These great products 
will never be produced by American workmen.
The CHAIRMAN. Debate on this amendment is exhausted. The 
question is on agreeing to the amendment offered by the gentleman 
from Nevada [Mr. NEWLANDS].
The question was taken; and on a division (demanded by Mr. 
NEWLANDS) there were 34 ayes and 77 noes.
So the amendment was disagreed to.
Mr. KNOX.   I offer the amendment which I send to the desk.
The Clerk read as follows:
After line 16, page 97, insert two new sections, numbered 104 and 105, as 
"SEC 104. That the laws of Hawaii relating to the establishment and conduct 
of any postal savings bank or institution are hereby abolished. And the 
Secretary of the Treasury, in the execution of the agreement of the United 
States as expressed in an act entitled 'A joint resolution to provide for 
annexing the Hawaiian Islands to the United States,' approved July 7, 1898, 
shall pay the amounts on deposit in Hawaiian Postal Savings Bank to the 
persons entitled thereto, according to their respective rights, and he shall 
make all needful orders, rules, and regulations for paying such persons and for 
notifying such persons to present their demands tor payment. So much 
money as is necessary to pay said demands is hereby appropriated, out of any 
money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to be available on and after 
the 1st day of July, 1900, when such payments shall begin, and none of said 
demands shall bear interest after said date and no deposit shall be made in said 
bank after said date. Said demands of such persons shall be certified to by the 
chief executive of Hawaii as being genuine and due to the persons presenting 
the same, and his certificate shall be sealed with the official seal of the 
Territory and countersigned by its secretary, and shall be approved by the 
Secretary of the Interior, who shall draw his warrant for the amount due upon 
the Treasurer of the United States, and when the same are so paid no further 
liabilities shall exist in respect of the same against the Government of the 
United States or of Hawaii.
"SEC. 105. That any money of the Hawaiian Postal Savings Bank that shall 
remain unpaid to the persons entitled thereto on the 1st day of July, 1900, 
and any assets of said bank, shall be turned over by the government of 
Hawaii to the Treasurer of the United States, and the Secretary of the 
Treasury shall cause an account to be started, as of said date, between such 
government of Hawaii and the United States in respect to said Hawaiian 
Postal Savings Bank."
Mr. KNOX. Mr. Chairman, this amendment simply carries out 
the provisions of the annexation resolution for closing up the 
Hawaiian Postal Savings Bank. It is in the exact language rec-
ommended by the commission and adopted by the Senate.
The amendment was agreed to.
Mr. HILL: I move to add as a new section the paragraph which I 
send to the desk.
The Clerk read as follows:
SEC. 106. Nothing in this act shall be construed, taken, or held to imply a 
pledge or promise that the Territory of Hawaii will at any future time be 
admitted as a State or attached to any State.
Mr. KNOX.   I reserve a point of order on that amendment.

Mr. HILL. Mr. Chairman, the number of eligible voters in the 
republic of Hawaii to-day is 2,800. If this bill should become a law 
now, there would be to-morrow 15,000 such voters. I submit that 
this is rather a sudden absorption of the privileges and 
responsibilities of American citizenship. I submit, furthermore, 
that the committee itself feels precisely in the same way in re-
gard to this matter; for I wish to read a clause in their report in 
regard to the qualifications of voters for senators, being a prop-
erty qualification which I do not approve. The committee say:
The amendment striking out all property qualifications for electors of 
senators was made on account of great opposition made to this provision, 
both in the committee and by other Representatives. It appeared that such a 
qualification had heretofore existed in Hawaii, and this fact had been 
salutary, and it is hoped -
A hope in which "the gentleman from Connecticut" most 
heartily joins -
and it is hoped that this amendment will not unfavorably affect either the 
character of so important a body as the senate of Hawaii or ever be the means 
of vicious legislation.
I regret that this legislation should be framed in so hasty and 
inconsiderate a manner that the committee itself feels called upon to 
apologize when the bill is here for the organization of this 
No harm whatever can come from the passage of the amend-
ment I have just offered. It commits Congress to nothing. It 
simply says that this bill and the admission of this Territory shall 
not be taken or construed as a pledge for the admission of the 
Territory to statehood either in the immediate or the distant future.
Mr. CANNON. Whether the amendment be adopted or not, is 
there anything in this bill which commits the Congress of the 
United States or the people of the country to admit this Territory 
to statehood?
Mr. HILL. I think there is, so far as the sentimental side of the 
question is concerned. The American people look upon the 
authorization and full organization of a Territory as the first step 
toward statehood. It has always been so construed: it always will be 
so construed. By the adoption of this amendment we shall 
simply put ourselves" on record as declaring that this legislation is 
not adopted with that end in view.
Allow me a moment --
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will be in order. Debate 
upon this amendment is exhausted except by unanimous consent.
[Cries of "Vote!"   "Vote!"]
Mr. HILL.   I ask unanimous consent --
The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Connecticut [Mr. 
HILL] asks unanimous consent to address the committee. Is there 
objection? The Chair hears none.
Mr. HILL. Mr. Chairman, I would state in reply to the elegant 
remark of the chairman of the Committee on Territories that the 
amendment offered by me is the precise amendment which the junior 
Senator from the State of Massachusetts was reported in the 
papers to have stated that he would have offered if he had had an 

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