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4454
it, because no one told as that the tax law of Hawaii imposes a 
poll tax of $5 per capita. It was simply overlooked. The House 
amended this provision by providing for the payment of a poll 
tax of $1 for the current year due by him to the government.
That left the voter a chance to qualify under this bill; but the 
Senate conferees, it appears, have insisted upon the Senate provi- 
sion, and insisted, therefore, upon disfranchising everybody bat 
the sugar planters of Hawaii and their employees.
Who owns the wealth of Hawaii? The men who have received 
the $80,000,000 bonus paid to the sugar raisers of that country by 
the people of the United States. Who can pay the taxes? These 
men interested in their own affairs. Who, then, can qualify? No 
one but those whom they may desire to have qualify and for whom 
they will put up the money.
Are we going to have this thing, Mr. President? It seems to me 
this bill, for that provision alone, should be sent back to the con- 
ference committee and amended. I do not desire to disfranchise 
all the people of that country. I do not believe that a man be- 
cause he is not able to pay this five-dollar tax should be deprived 
of the right of voting at the next election. If such a restriction 
as that were imposed in this country, it would disfranchise millions 
of voters all over the North.
The Ohio coal miner earned, according to the chief mining in- 
spector's report for 1897, $193 annually: and if he had a family of 
five, that would be less than $39 per capita, with which to educate, 
feed, clothe, and house an American citizen. In 1898 the report 
shows that the coal miners in Ohio earned $241 each, which, if 
there were five in a family, would bo $48 per capita; and this was 
the average wage in the whole State. These figures are official. 
If you should impose a tax of $5 upon them they could not vote.
Are we going to spread this system from our dependencies to 
the rest of our country? Is this a precedent to be established by 
the Senate of the United States, by the Republican party, for the 
future government of this country? I hope not. Therefore, Mr. 
President, I hope the report will be rejected and this correction 
made.
Mr. CULLOM. Mr. President, I am inclined to do what I hesi- 
tate somewhat to do, and yet perhaps I ought to do it; and that 
is to take up each of the sections of this bill, with the changes 
which have been made, and point them out briefly, so that Sena- 
tors may know what the bill contains somewhat easier and more 
quickly, at least, than they would be able to do if the discussion 
should go on without anything of that kind being done.
There are comparatively few amendments to the bill that are 
of very great importance and consequence. The first amendment 
which is found in the substitute is in section 4. That section pro- 
vided:
Sec. 4. That all persons who were citizens of the Republic of Hawaii on 
August 12, 1898, are hereby declared to be citizens of the United States and 
citizens of the Territory of Hawaii.
The amendment made to that section by the House, to which 
the conferees agreed, provides:
And all citizens of the United States who were resident In the Hawaiian 
Islands on or since August 12, 1898, and all the citizens of the United States 
who shall hereafter reside in the Territory of Hawaii for one year shall be 
citizens of the Territory of Hawaii.
The last provision was added by the House and agreed to by the 
conferees. It will be found in the print of the bill which has been 
furnished to the Senate to-day.
Before I go further, I desire to state that the amendments as 
they appear in the bill which was printed for the use of the Sen- 
ate to-day only take in the amendments made by the House of 
Representatives, and not as they were finally agreed to by the con- 
ferees of the two Houses.
Mr. COCKRELL.   I did not understand that last expression.
Mr. CULLOM. I will state it again. On yesterday the Sena- 
tor from Georgia [Mr. BACON], and others very properly raised a 
question of how they could tell what portion of the substitute 
bill which was reported to the Senate and which was passed by 
the House was originally passed by the Senate; and hence I made 
the statement yesterday,, and 1 have tried to comply with it, that 
the Senate bill was taken up and every amendment made to it by 
the House has been incorporated in the print of the bill that is now 
before the Senate, so that Senators can see just what changes the 
House made in the bill as it passed the Senate; but I am stating 
now that this bill does not show the amendments or changes 
made by the conferees to the substitute bill, because Senators 
had that before them yesterday, and can have it before them to- 
day. It would have been impossible, without printing almost a 
book, to get all of the subject before the Senate, so that one could 
see at a glance exactly what changes have been made. Hence, I 
have taken this course; and I am calling the attention of the Sen- 
ate to the amendments to the Senate bill made by the House, and 
as agreed to by the conferees; so that Senators gee it all practi- 
cally, though I do not propose to go into the details of the amend- 
ments in the remarks I am making.
Mr. COCKRELL. What change is made in section 4 as to citi- 
zenship;

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