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Hawaii Organic Act: Congressional debates on Hawaii Organic Act

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Mr. CULLOM.   Certainly.
Mr. BACON.   I got hold of the wrong copy.
Mr. CULLOM. It only verifies what has been often stated, 
that the action of the House in striking out all of the Senate bill 
in the first place makes it very embarrassing and difficult for any 
Senator to follow it.
Mr. President, I should be unfaithful to my conception of duty 
if I should fail to give to the Senate of the United States my views 
in regard to the annexation of the Hawaiian Islands.
The incorporation of these provinces of the sea into our political 
system, under the provisions of this bill, is the final great step 
taken in fulfillment of our duty in extending the salutary influ- 
ences of the American Republic over a people who have for years 
offered to us a standing invitation to take them under our control.
It is true, Mr. President, that the events of a score of years have 
tended toward this result, as a culmination which was certain to 
come and which has been constantly foreseen. It is true, also, 
Mr. President, that the nations and peoples which have inhabited 
or controlled in large degree the oceanic provinces in both the 
Atlantic and Pacific have, by the logic of the situation, become 
rivals for the control and ownership of the wonderful commerce 
of this portion of the semitropical world. This rivalry has been 
a matter of growth, and not of choice, with the United States. 
The extent and the ramification of this rivalry came naturally 
and logically, and it was not initiated by the United States, as in 
a race for territory or for spoils. We all remember when the eyes 
of the civilized world were directed to the movements of the Ore- 
gon in her memorable trip half around the world. We all remem- 
ber Santiago and San Juan, and we quickly recall Manila, and 
the rest, where the fortunes of war gave victory to our arms.
But, Mr. President, we have acquired Hawaii in the peaceful 
and proper way, as the logical and certain conclusion of great 
principles which underlie our civilization, our growth. In the 
early days of the century the American spirit of expansion car- 
ried our ships and our commerce and our whalers and our mis- 
sionaries, as explorers and advance agents of civilization, into the 
far Pacific, and established agencies for the humanizing of the 
native peoples. Now they are coming back to us, bringing golden 
rewards to their mother country. They come back to us with a 
wealth of education and prosperity and intelligence and ask us 
confidently to be allowed to join us as citizens of the United States. 
They do not come as beggars or paupers, but as a people who have 
not buried their talents in a napkin.
Mr. President, what do they bring? What have they got? What 
will the United States realize as the return for the extension of 
sovereignty over Hawaii?
As preliminary to a general answer to these queries, I wish to 
allude to the visible commerce on the part of Honolulu in Decem- 
ber last past, the latest showing available. I learn from official 
and reliable sources that in December, 1899, the largest amount 
of imports ever recorded in a single month was received. Sixteen 
foreign steamers and 48 sailing vessels arrived with cargoes. This 
did not include the large number of United States transports 
laden with stock or with quartermaster supplies. There were 
40 general cargoes, with a total of 45.000 tons; 11 cargoes of coal, 
with 23,000 tons, and 13 lumber vessels, carrying nearly 10,000,000 
feet of lumber. The revenue from import duties alone in 1899 
was $400,000 in excess of that of 1898.
This little statement shows in some degree what is now follow- 
ing the evolution of the policy of expansion as applied only to the 
Hawaiian Islands in part.
I append here a few extracts from the report of the collector- 
general of customs for the year 1899. These show an aggregate 
commerce in that year amounting to nearly $42,000,000. Of this 
amount, over $19,000.000 was imported from the United States and 
twenty-two and one-half millions exported to the United States.
The value of the exports show an increase in 1899 over 1898 of 
five and one-half million dollars in value.
I take from the report of the collector-general of customs of 
Honolulu for the year ended December 81,1899, the following 

Twenty-nine articles of export.
Mr. Sewall, United States special agent at Honolulu, incloses a 
clipping from a local paper, which says, in part:
During the month of December, 1880, the largest amount of imports ever 
recorded for one month in Honolulu was received.
Sixteen foreign steamers and 48 sailing vessels arrived in port with cargoes. 
This does not include the large number of United States transports that en- 
tered the harbor bringing stock and quartermaster supplies.
There were 40 general cargoes, amounting to a total of 45.000 tons; 11 cargoes 
of coal, the total being 22,850 tons; and 13 vessels brought in lumber with a total 
of 9,198,520 feet.
The acquisition of these islands by the United States has given an impetus 
to Honolulu that has attracted the commercial interest of the world. The 
carrying and shipping to this port has grown with such rapidity that the in- 
crease of trade in December, 1899, compared with December of a year ago, is 
something phenomenal.
In evidence of the prosperity of the port, a walk along the water front will 
show every available dock and berth occupied by vessels unloading cargoes

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