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pieces, $350,000 in halves, $125,000 in quarters, and $25,000 in dimes, 
all silver.
Mr. ALLISON.   All those are kept at par with the currency?
Mr. MORGAN.   On the gold standard.
Mr. ALLISON.   Of the gold standard?
Mr. MORGAN.   Yes.
Mr. ALLISON. It is manifest that that question will be dealt 
with without delay.
Mr. MORGAN.   That is what I want.
Mr. ALLISON. If the proper amendment should be proposed it 
might be dealt with on this bill, but I think it had better be dealt 
with in a separate measure.
Mr. CULLOM.   I think so.
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Senator from South Dakota 
presents an amendment, which will be read.
The SECRETARY.   Insert as a new section the following:
SEC. 10 1/2. That all contracts made since August 12, 1898, by which persons 
are held for service for a definite term, are hereby declared null and void and 
terminated, and no law shall be passed to enforce said contracts in any way; 
and it shall be the duty of the United States marshal to at once notify such 
persons so held of the termination of their contracts.
Mr. PETTIGREW. Mr. President, since the annexation of those 
islands by the United States there have been imported from China 
and Japan 30,000 contract laborers. The terms of the con-tracts may 
be for three or for ten years. Those made in Japan can last for ten 
years. Those made in Hawaii can only be for a term of five years. 
The old contracts were for terms of three years. I have no means 
of ascertaining the terms of these con-tracts; but immediately 
upon the annexation of the islands the sugar planters, who have 
controlled all that country and who produced the revolution which 
caused its annexation to the United States, began at once the 
importation of large numbers of con-tract laborers.
Under the law of Hawaii they were required to import 10 per 
cent of Europeans or white people along with their Asiatic 
importations. They therefore sent agents to Europe, and they did 
import 300 people from Austria, who were held as slaves, whipped 
and imprisoned by their taskmasters if they refused to carry out 
these slave contracts. However, after this experiment, they finally 
abandoned the importation of Europeans and have confined their 
attention exclusively to the importation of slave labor from Asia. 
As I said, since the flag of the United States was raised over those 
islands 30,000 of these slave laborers have been imported.
Mr. HALE.   And are there now?
Mr. PETTIGREW. And are there now. When a case was 
brought in the courts of Hawaii in which the parties were 
convicted to imprisonment until they should go back to the service 
to which they had been assigned, this supreme court that has been 
boasted of so much decided that the Constitution of the United 
States did not go with the flag and that therefore these convictions 
and sentences to imprisonment were good and should hold; that 
these contracts for services were not penal, but civil contracts, and 
that under them a man could be imprisoned for life if he did not 
willingly return to the service which he had abandoned.
Mr. PLATT of Connecticut.   That it was a civil remedy.
Mr. PETTIGREW. Yes, sir; that it was a civil remedy. I 
propose now to ask to have the Secretary read the following clip-
pings, one from the Hawaiian Star and the other from the Pacific 
Advertiser, showing the ships and the number of contract laborers 
that have been imported, and then I will show what kind of 
service this is that they have been imposing in that country.
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Secretary will read as 
The Secretary read as follows:
The total arrivals and departures of persons of all nationalities at the port of 
Honolulu for the eleven months ending June 30, 1899, as shown by the 
custom-house returns, is as follows:

                                   Males                    Females                    Children
Chinese ........                   2,348                    261                        158
Japanese .......                   10,276                   2,626                      316
Portuguese .....                   34                       18                         23  
All others .....                   2,744                    1,604                      476

Chinese ........                   976                      57                         75
Japanese .......                   1,432                    299                        207
Portuguese .....                   14                       9                          31
All others .....                   1,782                    969                        323

The total arrivals are 20,884; the total departures, 6,174; net increase, 14,710. By 
nationalities the difference between arrivals and departures are: Chinese, 1,659, 
gain; Japanese, 11,280, gain; Portuguese, 21, gain; all others, 1,750, gain.

Mr. PETTIGREW. I will state that the paper just read covers the 
eleven months previous to June, 1899, and the paper which will 
now be read covers the period from Juno, 1899, to December, 1899.
The Secretary read as follows:
JUNE, 1899.
The collector-general of customs, Mr. Stackable, has submitted a statement 
to the board of health showing the number of vessels, number of tons of 
cargo, and the number of immigrants that have arrived at this port from the 
Orient from June 17 to December 31, 1899. The emigrants on all vessels were 
sent to the quarantine station. The cargoes of 10 vessels were fumigated, as 

Ships                                    Cargo                                  Emigrants

Nippon Maru, July 14 ............        Tons. 750                              Numbcr. 227 
                                         310 396 381                            628 250
                                         428                                    306416368
Peking, July 22 .................        400 575 350                            29
Gaelic, July 23 .................        296 341 916                            242 216 494 447 
Hongkong Maru, July 28 ..........        348                                    447 705 675
China, August 14 ................        300
Doric, August 14 ................        650 2,340
Nippon Maru, August 25 ..........
Rio de Janeiro, September 2 .....
Coptic, September ll ............
City of Peking, October 1 .......
Hongkong Maru, October 13 .......
China, October 24 ...............
N nyo Maru, December 18 .........
Gaelic, December 22 .............
Algoa, December 23 ..............
Hongkocg Maru, December 31 ......        588                                    637

Rio de Janeiro, June 17 .........        427 395 427                            32 431 483 384 
Coptic, June 26 .................        1,000 33 190                           376 705 605 701
America Maru, July 10............        1,100 300                              699 252 699
Thyra, July 23 ..................        300 250 575                            711 701 710 688 
Belgian King, August 15 .........        140 200 360                            573 695 731
Toyo Maru, August 18 ............        891 517 650                            710 662 251
Carmarthenshire, September 2 ....        368 200 580 
Lennox, September 15 ............        750
Bankoku Maru, September 23 ......
Gaelic, October 7 ...............
Toyo Maru, October 13 ...........
Dalny Vostock, October 22........
Carlisle City, October 24 .......
Doric, October 30 ...............
Nippon Maru, November 9 .........
Coptic, November 25 .............
Toyo Maru, November 25 ..........
Yorishimi Maru, November 25 .....
Thyra, November 28 ..............
America Maru, December 4 ........
Carmarthenshire, December 5 .....
Total (37 vessels) ..............        18,923                                 17,886

Mr. PETTIGREW. According to these statements, up to the 31st 
of December last 30,000 Asiatic have been imported to these islands 
as contract or slave laborers, and they are still there. I understand 
that very many more have been imported during the months of 
January and February, and that they are importing them at about 
the rate of 3,000 a month. When these emigrants reach Honolulu 
they are distributed from that point throughout the plantations of 
the islands; they are assigned by the companies who import them to 
the different planters with whom they have made contracts. Under 
these contracts, if the laborer refuses to toil he is arrested, and if 
he refuses to go back to service he is sentenced to imprisonment 
and confined at hard labor until he will consent to return to the 
service. He is fined for the cost of his arrest, and that is docked 
from his pay. There is a system of docking if a laborer is too slow 
to suit his taskmaster. It is the custom upon plantations to whip 
the laborers, to knock them down, pound them with clubs, and to 
abuse them in almost any manner that suits the whim or pleasure 
of the overseer.
Mr. GALLINGER. Will the Senator from South Dakota permit a 
Mr. PETTIGREW.   I will.
Mr. GALLINGER. I am very much interested in this phase of 
the Hawaiian matter, and unless I am converted to the contrary I 
shall vote for the Senator's amendment. I want to ask the Senator if 
these contract laborers who seem to be coming to Hawaii in such 
large numbers displace other laborers in the islands. In other 
words, if they were not brought there, is the supply of laborers 
sufficient to meet the requirements of the islands? I know 
nothing about it and would like to obtain information.
Mr. PETTIGREW. I presume, Mr. President, that in a measure 
they displace day laborers, and that an additional number is also 
needed to help take the place of those who returned to Asia, their 
contracts having expired. They are also needed to open up

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