Collection Name: Institute of Pacific Relations Records
Collection Number: Manuscript M004
Inclusive Dates: 1922-1959
Size of Collection: 33 lin. ft.
Creator of Records: Institute of Pacific Relations
Introduction to the IPR Collection at the University of Hawaii at Manoa:
How the Institute of Pacific Relations (IPR) records at the University of Hawai‘i came to the Archives is not entirely clear. Professor Paul Hooper, a University historian first heard that they were in Sinclair Library of the University of Hawaii, then discovered the largely unidentified materials stored in library, in the early 1970s. After identifying the records as pertaining to Institute of Pacific Relations, he pieced together as best he could an account of the provenance of the collection as follows.
The IPR, the first substantial non-governmental organization concerned with international and intercultural issues in the Pacific region, was formed in Honolulu in 1925. Its central administrativel body, the Pacific Council, had headquarters in Honolulu from 1925 until 1934 when the headquarters moved to New York City. National councils were established in all the major Asia-Pacific nations and those European nations with regional colonies in the Asia-Pacific area; local branches were created in a number of major US cities, inlcuding Honolulu. The IPR continued expanding it conference, research and publication programs until well into the 1950s when the McCarthy movement raised charges of pro-communist activities, leading to the demise of the IPR by the end of the decade.
In 1953 the Honolulu Branch renamed itself the Pacific and Asian Affairs Council (PAAC), severed its formal connections with the IPR and initiated an independent program. Nevertheless, the IPR records that remained in Honolulu continued to be housed by PAAC officials for some time despite the severance of institutional ties.
Sometime during the 1950s the PAAC staff apparently decided that it could no longer continue to store the IPR materials. According to Professor Hooper, it appears that Mrs. Ann Yardley Satterthwaite, a person long active in the Pan-Pacific Union and local chapters of other international organizations, provided storage space for them at her home. Following her death in October 1963, they apparently were transferred to the University of Hawai‘i, although the details of the transfer are not clear. Receiving permission to search through the uncataloged manuscript materials, Dr. Hooper located them and subsequently arranged and inventoried them. See the Historical Note and the Scope Note for further details.
During recent years, University archival workers have weeded published items from the collection; performed basic preservation work by rehousing the materials in acid free folders and boxes, removing metal fasteners, and photocopying or retyping fading or highly acidic documents; and revised the inventory to update it and put it in a more consistent format. The one major exception to separating out published materials is the decision to retain the published report of the investigation by the McCarran subcommittee of the U.S. Senate into the IPR.
In his initial arranging, Dr. Hooper organized the records into five series: IPR Councils (materials on the Pacific Council and the various national councils); IPR Conferences; IPR Finances; IPR Honolulu Branch; and Correspondence Files (organized under names of individuals associated with the IPR). While evidence exists that this was not the original order, the Archives staff continued it since too little evidence remained to reconstruct the entire original filing system. Each series has been assigned a letter which accompanies the box number; box numbering starts with one in each series. Likewise, the folder numbering begins at one in each box. Frequently as staff weeded, removed metal fasteners or rehoused items to limit the number of sheets of paper per folder, they had to divide the contents of one box into two boxes. In these situations, to avoid renumbering all the boxes to the end of the series, they added lower case letters to the box number, resulting, for example, in boxes D-2a and D-2b.
Inventories for the Councils, Conferences, and Correspondence series are on-line while the Finances and Local Branch series are accessible only in hard copy in the Archives Reading Room. Initially, the Correspondence series (Series E) had only folder level entries. Several years later, Dr. Hooper volunteered to work on the series to improve access. Going through each folder in Series E, he made a notation for each document containing organizational matters. He did not cite seemingly routine items. The cited documents only amount to approximately twenty percent of the total, however, so in depth research will require an individual to look through each appropriate box. In addition, users need to be aware that, while we have tried to be consistent, references to individuals may vary regarding the use of initials and given names. Common names of countries with IPR connections are used interchangeably (e.g. “Holland,” “Dutch” and “Netherlands”). The use of “communist,” “McCarthyism” and related terms almost always reference post-WWII anti-communist activities in the United States.
Collection Name: Holland/Hooper Supplemental Collection to the Institute of Pacific Relations Records
Collection Number: Manuscript M021
Inclusive Dates: 1922-2005
Size of Collection: 8 lin. ft.
Creator: Professor Paul Hooper
Introduction to the Holland/Hooper Supplemental Collection to the IPR Records:
Over several decades of Institute of Pacific Relations-related research, Professor Paul Hooper assembled a substantial personal collection of relevant materials, most of which came to him from long-time IPR leader, William L. Holland. Following his volunteer work with the IPR collection, he donated this personal collection to the Archives, and then processed it as part of his continuing volunteer work under the direction of the archivist. These materials, having a separate provenance from the IPR records, form the Holland/Hooper Supplemental Collection to the IPR records. The Supplemental Collection shares the IPR finding aid, but has a separate collection number, Manuscript M021.