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Resolution and Protests of the Executive Committees of the Hawaiian Patriotic League

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Mr. Sewell to the Secretary of State

No. 195.
Legation of the United States,
Honolulu. H. I. August 6th, 1898.
Mr. Sewall to the Secretary of State.
Enclosing copy of Resolutions and protests of the Executive Committees of the Hawaiian Patriotic League

Legation of the United States.
Honolulu, H. I. August 6th 1898.
Honorable W. R. Day,
Secretary of State,
Washington. D.C.
I have the honor to enclose copy of Resolution and protest of the Executive Committee of the 
Hawaiian Patriotic League, [?] the Womens branch and the Hawaiian Political Association. 
I have the honor to be,
Your obedient Servant,
WHEREAS: On the 17th day of January, A. D. 1893, our beloved Queen LILIUOKALANI 
noted a protest against the acts or the representatives of the United States of America, in form as 
I, LILIUOKALANI, by the grace of God and under the Constitution of the Hawaiian 
Kingdom, Queen, do hereby solemnly protest against any and all acts done against myself and the 
Constitutional Government of the Hawaiian Kingdom by certain persons claiming to have 
established a provisional government of and for this Kingdom.
That I yield to the superior force or the United States or America, whose minister plenipotentiary, 
His Excellency John L. Stevens, has caused United States troops to be landed at Honolulu and 
declared that he would support the said provisional government.
How to avoid any collision of armed forces and perhaps the loss of life, I do, under this protest, 
and impelled by said force, yield my authority until such time as the Government of the United 
States shall upon the facts being presorted to it undo the action of its representatives and reinstate 
me in the authority which I claim as the constitutional sovereign of the Hawaiian Kingdom; and
WHEREAS: Grover Cleveland, President of the United States, after a careful review of the facts, 
stated in a message to

(2)Congress, dated the 18th day of December, 1893, as follows:

As I apprehend the situation, we are brought face to face with the following conditional 
The lawful Government of Hawaii was overthrown without the drawing of a sword or 
the firing of a shot by a process every step of which, it nay safely be assarted, is directly 
traceable to and dependent for its success upon the agency of the United States active 
through its diplomatic and naval representatives;  and
WHEREAS:	the so-called Republic of Hawaii by its Executive; and Senate formulated a 
treaty to secure the annexation of Hawaii to the United States, and said treaty having 
failed of ratification by the Senate of the United States, and by such failure to ratify 
having become void and of no effect
as to Hawaii, because of the terms of Article 32 of tie Constitution of the Republic of 
Hawaii, which reads: the President, with the approval of the Cabinet, is hereby ex-
pressly authorized and empowered to make a Treaty of Political or Commercial union 
between the Republic of Hawaii and the United States of America, subject to the 
ratification of the senate  and
WHEREAS:	The Senate and House of Representatives of the United States have passed a 
Joint resolution, for the annexa-tion of the Hawaiian Islands, and such joint resolution has 
not been passed upon by the People of Hawaii nor by their Representatives in Legislature 
assembled; and
WHEREAS: By memorial the people of Hawaii have protested

(3)against the con[?]ation of an Invasion of their political rights, and have fervently appealed to the 
President, the Congress and the people of the United States to refrain from further participating in 
the wrongful annexation of Hawaii:
WHEREAS: The Declaration of American Independence expresses that Governments derive 
their Just powers from the consent of the governed;  Therefore, Be it

RESOLVED: That as the representatives of a large and influential body of native Hawaiians, 
we solemnly protest against annexation in the manner proposed and 
without reference to or obtaining the consent of the people of the Hawaiian Islands;
RESOLVED:	That a copy of these resolutions with an English translation be forwarded to 
Sanford B. Dole, President of the Republic of Hawaii, and to the Agents representing William 
McKinley, President of the United States, at Honolulu, Island of Oahu, Hawaiian Islands.
No. 196.
Legation of the United States,
Honolulu, H. I. August 8th, 1898.

Mr. Sewall to the Secretary of State.
Subject. Arrangement of formalities of transfer.

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